Your search returned over 400 essays for "Down Syndrome"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>

History of Down's Syndrome

- Down’s Syndrome is named after John Langdon Down, a British doctor who first studied and described the mental disorder. He discovered the disorder in Surrey, England while working at an asylum for children with mental retardation. He called people with this disorder Mongoloids because of the physical similarities of citizens from Mongolia compared to those affected by Down’s Syndrome. Later, the term “Mongoloid” was dropped and named after John Down when Jerome Lejeune, a French geneticist who tested children with these similar physical characteristics of Mongolians, found that 97% of those tested had an extra chromosome-21, with a total of 47 chromosomes....   [tags: Down's Syndrome]

Strong Essays
1159 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The Prevalence And The Epidemiology Of Down Syndrome

- ... This type of Down syndrome, which accounts for 95% of all cases is called trisomy 21(Ghosh, Hong, Feingold, Ghosh, Ghosh, Bhaumik & Dey, 2011). In translocation, the number of chromosomes stays the same (46), but an additional full or partial copy of chromosome 21 attaches to another chromosome, usually chromosome 14. This type of Down syndrome accounts for 4% of all cases (Ghosh, Hong, Feingold, Ghosh, Ghosh, Bhaumik & Dey, 2011). Mosaicism (mosaic Down syndrome) occurs when there is a mixture of two types of cells, some containing 46 chromosomes and some containing 47....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosomal translocation]

Better Essays
1140 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome : A Chromosomal Disorder

- Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that occurs when a baby is born with an extra chromosome in each of their cells. It is the most common of the chromosomal disorders. One in every 691 babies is born with DS (Down syndrome) and there are approximately over 400,000 people living with DS in the United States today. Although it is not genetic, it has been proven that mothers older than thirty-five are more likely to have a baby with Down syndrome. Individuals with Down syndrome have varied cognitive delays, meaning that they learn and develop slower than the average person, but they are still able to live normal lives....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosomal translocation]

Strong Essays
1211 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

The Genetic Disorder : Down Syndrome

- Down syndrome is a variance in chromosome 21 that manifests with cognitive delay, muscle hypotonia, characteristic facies, and short stature. (Glanzman, 2015 & Powell-Hamilton, 2012) The genetic disorder was named after the Physician John Langdon Down, who had originally in 1866 labeled those with the genetic abnormality as “Mongoloids”; Down indicated his choice of term for the children because of their appearance was allegedly similar to those from Mongolia and at the time it was believed that those who were of Mongolian decent were to have halted development....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosome]

Strong Essays
1901 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Educating a Child With Down Syndrome

- It’s Wednesday and a mother just kissed her son goodbye as he walked into the classroom. The mother walks back to her car and proceeds to work. Her son has Down Syndrome, but attends a private school where special needs children have their own classroom. Her son Alex loves going to school to see his friends, like any child would. With having Down Syndrome, Alex has some rough days in the classroom. It’s 10:30am and Janice, Alex’s mother, receives a phone call. “Hi Janice, this is Mrs....   [tags: Inclusion Down Syndrome]

Research Papers
3251 words | (9.3 pages) | Preview

Different Types Of Down Syndrome

- ... Mosaicism accounts for about 1% of Down syndrome cases. This paper will talk about the causes, symptoms, statistics, and treatment of Down syndrome. Down syndrome occurs during cell division. All three types of Down syndrome have an extra chromosome or part of chromosome 21 in one or all the cells. The extra chromosome changes the way an embryo develops and changes the physical and mental characteristics of the child. It is unknown what exactly causes nondisjunction. Although it is unknown, research has shown that the chances of having a child with Down syndrome go up as the woman’s age goes up....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosome, Cancer]

Better Essays
1323 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

The Problem Of Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome Although many theories have been developed, it is not known what actually causes Down syndrome. Some professionals believe that hormonal abnormalities, X-rays, viral infections, immunologic problems, or genetic predisposition may be the cause of the improper cell division resulting in Down syndrome. It has been known for some time that the risk of having a child with Down syndrome increases with advancing age of the mother; i.e., the older the mother, the greater the possibility that she may have a child with Down syndrome....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosomal translocation]

Strong Essays
1260 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

The On Down Syndrome ( Ds )

- Down syndrome (DS), also called Trisomy 21, is a condition in which extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child develops, both mentally and physically. Normally, at the time of conception a baby inherits genetic information from its parents in the form of 46 chromosomes: 23 from the mother and 23 from the father. In most cases of Down syndrome, a child gets an extra chromosome 21 — for a total of 47 chromosomes instead of 46. It is this extra genetic material that causes the physical features and developmental delays associated with DS (kidshealth.org)....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosome, Cell, Aneuploidy]

Better Essays
1163 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome : Congenital Condition

- Down syndrome is congenital condition in which there is presence of an extra 21st chromosome. In every human being there is an small yet intricate hub that holds genetic material called the nucleus. This genetic material is carried by genes and each and every one of our main characteristics or traits is grouped together next to an imperative structure called a chromosome. When an individual has an extra 21st chromosome, they experience a disorder in which the person experiences “intellectual disability, a characteristic facial appearance, and weak muscle tone (or hypotonia) in infancy....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosomal translocation, Gene]

Strong Essays
1250 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Language Development in Individuals with Down Syndrome

- "Having Down syndrome is like being born normal. I am just like you and you are just like me. We are all born in different ways, that is the way I can describe it. I have a normal life"(Burke, C., n.d.). Where special education is concerned, one must always remember that exceptional learners are different, not less. In the following studies, the various strengths and weaknesses of the language and communication of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) is reviewed and discussed. Language is defined as the method of human communication either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words, in a structured or conventional way....   [tags: Down Syndrome Essays]

Research Papers
2336 words | (6.7 pages) | Preview

The Problem Of Down Syndrome

- It’s a typical eighty-degree beautiful summer’s day in Illinois. With that being said, nothing is better than cruising with the windows down and the music blasted. As one is cruising down the road, Iggy Azalea’s song Fancy (2014) happens to come on the radio. Without second thought, this person may catch them self rapping along, “…and my flow retarded, they speak it depart it.” There are no ways of escaping the word “retard” in our every day life. Some may not even realize that they’re rapping about a lifelong medical condition mental retardation, which is more commonly known as down syndrome....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosome, Medical test, Cancer]

Strong Essays
1315 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Understanding Down Syndrome

- Understanding the Disease Down syndrome When an error occurs at chromosome 21 within in the genetic make of a human being, the person obtains distinct features such as slanted eyes, deeply creased hands, and a protruding tongue. At first glance this person may appear to be affected with some type of deformation, but they are often one out of the 4,000 people that are diagnosed with the disease Down syndrome. Down syndrome or DS is a chromosomal abnormality that frequently affects humans. Because the disease is genetic one can assume that it has been affecting the human body for years....   [tags: Down Syndrome, informative]

Better Essays
1878 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

Symptoms And Treatment Of Mosaicism Down Syndrome

- ... Alzheimer is most common among Down syndrome individuals than normal population. Almost 100 % of the patients with Down syndrome show neuropathology features of Alzheimer disease by 40 year (Kabra & Kabra, 2014, p. 562). According to emedicinehealth (2014), individual with Down syndrome often are in their mid to late 40s or early 50s when Alzheimer 's symptoms first appear whereas in normal individual alzheimer’s disease symptom do not appear until they are in their 60s. Alzheimer’s disease in Down syndrome individuals is caused by extra copy of chromosome 21....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosome, Prenatal diagnosis]

Better Essays
1639 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Children With Down Syndrome May Be More Friendly

- Children with Down syndrome may be more friendly, kind, have strong abilities to get along with others and be very loving. This may led for children to have strong bonds with their parents and family. This can lead to the family feeling happy, have high self-esteem and have close strong relationships. Parents/ carers may be left confused and upset after birth if not previously diagnosed. Down syndrome may not be diagnosed until after birth. Parents may not have had the time they needed to process and accept what it means for their child to have Down syndrome....   [tags: Developmental psychology, Down syndrome]

Better Essays
1212 words | (3.5 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome : The Most Common Chromosomal Condition Diagnosed

- ... In Trisomy 21 almost all cases are caused by one cell having two 21st chromosomes instead of one resulting in the fertilized egg having three 21st chromosomes. Most of the time the abnormal cell is the egg but in some cases it will be the sperm. So, around 95% of cases of Trisomy 21 happen because of nondisjunction in the 21st chromosome; however, there is one other way that is responsible for the other cases of Trisomy 21, this is called Robertsonian Translocation. When this happens two breaks occur in separate chromosomes....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosome]

Better Essays
1329 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome : The Common Forms Of Genetic Birth Defects

- Down Syndrome is one of the most common forms of genetic birth defects. Usually, children born with this condition have some degree of mental retardation, as well as characteristic physical features. Many of these children also have other health problems. Each year in the United States alone, approximately one in every 800 to 1,000 newborns has Down Syndrome. This equates to approximately 5,000 children born with Down Syndrome every year. In the United States today, Down Syndrome affects approximately 350,000 people....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosome]

Strong Essays
1702 words | (4.9 pages) | Preview

Analysis Of The Article ' Children With Down Syndrome And Her Advocacy Of Inclusion

- The two media articles that I have chosen, consider the effect that Down syndrome has upon everyday life, one article is from a parent 's perspective and the other from the perspective of an adult with Down syndrome. I chose the articles as the focus of attention is upon the daily effects of Down syndrome and each woman expresses what is of relevance to each of them and the impact it has on their everyday activities; however the discourse and models present within the articles are diametrically opposed....   [tags: Disability, Down syndrome]

Better Essays
1099 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Children With Down Syndrome, By Katherine Horrocks, The Mother Of Two Boys

- The two media articles that I have chosen, discuss Down syndrome, one article is derived from a parent 's perspective and the other is from the perspective of an adult with Down syndrome. I chose the articles as the focus of attention is upon Down syndrome and each one discusses what is of relevance to each woman within their own lives; however the discourse and models present within the articles are diametrically opposed. I will examine the discourse and models present within each article with reference to the units I have studied thus far....   [tags: Disability, Down syndrome]

Better Essays
1084 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Down 's Syndrome : A Distinct Form Of Mental Disabilities

- ... The error is commonly known as non disjunction and is associated with this disease. When a cell divides up into two, the chromosome also splits with one chromosome going to one cell, each. Therefore, each cell will have one chromosome. However, in nondisjunction the body malfunctions somehow due to which one cell will have both the chromosomes that split initially and the other cell will have no chromosome at all. (NICHD, 2015). After the unification of both the eggs and the sperm, it is likely that cells will have three types of the same chromosome (21)....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosome, Cytogenetics]

Better Essays
1127 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

The Medical And Social History Of Down 's Syndrome

- ... His philosophy is that every human, normal or an idiot, has the ability to learn and become a part of society if given the proper environment for learning (23). This sparked an interest in society to educate the individuals known as idiots, showing a slight positive shift for those mentally disabled whose family could afford educational services. Wright explores both the social and medical aspects of this era but his analyzes fails to include those with Down’s Syndrome as unique individuals....   [tags: Disability, Down syndrome, Person]

Better Essays
1081 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome Is An Inherent Issue Emerging From A Chromosome Deformity

- ... This achievement opened the way to awesome advances in Down Syndrome research. There are two classifications of tests for Down Syndrome that can be performed before an infant is conceived: screening tests and indicative tests. Pre-birth screens evaluate the shot of the hatchling having Down Syndrome. These tests don 't let you know without a doubt whether your baby has Down Syndrome; they just give a likelihood. Analytic tests, then again, can give a complete conclusion right around 100% exactness....   [tags: Down syndrome, Chromosome, Cell, Chromosomes]

Better Essays
1482 words | (4.2 pages) | Preview

Alzheimer's Disease and Down's Syndrome

- Alzheimer and Down's Syndrome Down?s Syndrome, Trisomy 21, or Mongolism is one of the most common causes of mental retardation. The majority of Down?s Syndrome patients have a moderate retardation although it can range from mild to severe. Trisomy 21 occurs in about 1 in 800 live births. This incidence increases markedly as the age of the mother increases over 35. The prevalence in children born to young mothers is 1 in 1000, while it increases to almost 1 in 40 in children born to mothers over 40....   [tags: Down's Syndrome Trisomy 21 Mongolism]

Powerful Essays
1439 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Living With Down Syndrome

- There are many different types of children with a myriad of needs in our school system. Included within this group of students are those who are diagnosed with Down syndrome. There are more than 250,000 people living in the United States with a Down syndrome diagnosis (Genetics). Down syndrome is not a hidden disability rather it has physical attributes that can make the diagnosis obvious. Furthermore, individuals with Down syndrome and their families have to cope with multiple health issues, cognitive limitations, and the stigma of having a disability....   [tags: syndrome diagnosis, mongolism, chromosomes]

Term Papers
1842 words | (5.3 pages) | Preview

The Cause and Effects of Down Syndrome

- The Cause and Effects of Down Syndrome Some people wonder what Down syndrome is. How it is caused, and how it is treated. The causes and effects of Down syndrome is when there is an extra 21St chromosome. The effects include some birth defects and health problems. The physical features are different from someone without Down syndrome. What is Down syndrome. It is a chromosomal disorder caused by an error in cell division that results in an extra 21st chromosome (Crosta). Down syndrome causes problems with a person’s physical growth that vary by how bad it is....   [tags: extra 21st chromosome, birth defects]

Strong Essays
1032 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

The Causes and Effects of Down Syndrome

- Down syndrome, also known as trisomy 21, occurs when a child is born with three copies chromosome 21, as you can see in Figure 1. This can be caused by three different processes; nondisjunction, mosaicism, or translocation. Nondisjunction occurs during the reduction of chromosomes, from 46 to 23, after the egg and sperm have combined, causing one parent to pass on 24 instead of 23. In the case of Down syndrome, the extra chromosome is chromosome 21. Mosaicism is a rare occurrence, happening “in approximately one to two percent of Down syndrome cases” (Johnson, 2013)....   [tags: health, disease]

Better Essays
998 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Causes and Effects of Down Syndrome

- Humans are more like the X-Men then they have ever dreamed possible. Studies show that each and every single human in our species have more than two hundred mutations weaved in and out of our DNA. A genetic mutation is a perpetual change in the DNA sequence that makes up a gene. These mutations can occur in two different ways; they can be acquired during one’s lifetime or they can be inherited from one’s biological parents. Some mutations are absolutely harmless; these are the mutations that take up most of the typical human’s body....   [tags: mutation, chromosomes, health]

Strong Essays
1107 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Maternal Age and Down Syndrome

- The Influence of Maternal Age on Down syndrome Children born to older parents are at greater risk for genetic abnormalities, such as Down syndrome. No one knows what causes the chromosomal abnormality that results in Down syndrome, a condition according to the National Association for Down syndrome, affects one in 800 to 1,000 babies in the United States. Any woman regardless of her culture, race and socio-economic status can have a baby with Down syndrome. However, a mother’ age seems to be a unifying factor among children with Down syndrome....   [tags: Medical Research]

Term Papers
2069 words | (5.9 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome and its Effects

- Down Syndrome today is much different than it used to be, it has advanced in many ways. It has enabled children who are diagnosed with it to keep working hard because they can achieve anything if they set their mind to it. Down Syndrome can be a devastating diagnosis; however, parents and those diagnosed can still go on to live happy contented lives. There has been big changes for people diagnosed with Down Syndrome over the past years, but what is Down Syndrome. According to Bret Bowerman, Down Syndrome is a chromosomal condition caused by the presence of a third copy of the 21st chromosome....   [tags: chromosomal condition, trisomy 21]

Good Essays
577 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Down syndrome: A Genetic disorder

- Down syndrome: A Genetic disorder Each year in the United States, about 13 out of every 10,000 babies are born with Down syndrome, also called trisomy 21 (Johnson). Being the “most common chromosome disorder and genetic cause of intellectual disability”, Down syndrome equally affects males and females as well as all different races (Johnson). In other words, Down syndrome does not show any preference for a specific gender or race. Unfortunately, those who are affected by Down syndrome experience a number of problems throughout their lives which limit their quality of life and health....   [tags: trisomy 21, chromosome disorder]

Better Essays
972 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

An Insigth to Down Syndrome

- Down syndrome; what is it and how does it affect the people who have it. Roughly 1 in 800 infants born in Canada are affected by Down syndrome. Down syndrome, also called Trisomy 21, is a chromosomal disorder that is caused by an extra genetic material in the individual. It delays the way an individual develops both mentally and physically. Down syndrome cannot be prevented but it can be detected before birth. At the time of conception an infant inherits genes from its parents in the form of 46 chromosomes....   [tags: Trisomy 21, Chromosomal Disorder, Genetic Material]

Strong Essays
1126 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Genetic Disorders and Down Syndrome

- A genetic disorder is a disease that is caused by an abnormality in an individual's DNA. Abnormalities can range from a small mutation in a single gene to the addition or subtraction of an entire chromosome or set of chromosomes” (Letsou). Most individuals are either related to or know someone who is effected by some type of disability. Many of these disabilities are caused by genetic disorders. Genetic disorders may alter physical appearance and cause mild to severe mental retardation. Fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, Turners syndrome and many other syndromes result from a mutation of a chromosome, an extra chromosome, or too few chromosomes....   [tags: Disease, Abnormalities, DNA, Mutation]

Better Essays
960 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

The Effects of Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome: Critically analyze the effects of Down syndrome on people and the support that is available Introduction: An individual who has Down syndrome can be recognized as different from others since he or she have different physical features, but the question is, what causes individuals to have deformed face, little different features than someone who does not have Down syndrome. The reason some individuals are born with Down syndrome is because of an extra chromosome, this chromosome, which carries number 21....   [tags: extra chromosome, awareness]

Strong Essays
1043 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome or Trisomy 21

- ... “As for the life expectancy, it is around 50 to 60 years in the developed world with proper health care.”(1) Secondly, the diagnosis of this genetic disorder is concerned with the physical appearance and the mental abilities. A few of the common physical traits of Down syndrome are low muscle tone, small stature and chin, an upward slant to the eyes, a flat nasal bridge and a single crease across the center of the palm. Nevertheless, each person with Down syndrome is a unique individual that may possess these characteristics to different degrees, or not at all....   [tags: chomosomal anomalies]

Strong Essays
925 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Music Therapy and Down Syndrome

- A doctor shares the diagnosis of Down Syndrome with parents of 1 in 691 live births (NADS). Years ago, before research found the basic cause of the disorder, people with Down’s Syndrome were placed in institutions to live. Some people still believe that children born with Down’s syndrome are not capable of learning. In a group of children where all hope seems gone, music therapy has been found to be very beneficial. It can enhance physical, social. intellectual, and emotional development of the children....   [tags: Special Education ]

Better Essays
1176 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Effects of down syndrome

- In today’s society more women need to be aware of the disorder that is becoming more common every year. A study shows that there are about 6,000 diagnoses of Down Syndrome each year in the United States("National association for Down syndrome"). One in every 800 babies is born with Down Syndrome (Marsh). This is a rise from the previously reported statistic of 1 in every 733, as it was reported in 2010. Down Syndrome is a common chromosome disorder due to an extra chromosome number 21("PudMedhealth")....   [tags: Genetic Disorders]

Powerful Essays
1415 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Facts on Down Syndrome

- ... Prevalence of the Condition Statistics reveal that there is 71 percent increase in the cases of Down Syndrome, in the year 1989-90, the number of cases reported were1,075; while in 2007-8 the number of cases increased to 1,843. One of the main reasons for the increase in the number individuals with Down Syndrome is that women are more career oriented and are starting families later in life. Women of 40 years of age have a 16 percent more chance of having a baby with Down syndrome as compared to a woman of age 25....   [tags: chromosome, age, prevalence, knowledge]

Better Essays
1150 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome Genetics Abnormality

- Down syndrome is found in one in every 691 babies in the United States. (Global Down Syndrome Para 12). The abnormality in physical and mental traits of this genetic disease has made it moderately difficult for those who are diagnosed to live. Their lifestyle and their parents are more complicated than a regular human being because of the extra attention towards health and education needed. But with extensive medical care and proper techniques families are able to get through the illness. Living with Down syndrome can be lethal because of the major medical complications assorted with the disease....   [tags: health, genetic disease]

Better Essays
908 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Characteristics of Down's Syndrome

- Down Syndrome is also (or formally) known as mongolism, and is the most frequent chromosomal abnormality in the United States. Over 350,000 people carry this condition. It is caused by an extra 21st chromosome. This is also known as trisomy 21. Instead of 46 chromosomes in each cell it was determined that an extra 21st chromosome affected Down syndrome, this occurs 95% of the time. There are three copies of this chromosome. It is causes by a cell error called non-disjunction. Two other types are mosaicism and translocation....   [tags: diabilities, medical, special needs]

Better Essays
750 words | (2.1 pages) | Preview

Overview of Down Syndrome

- “About 13 of every 10,000 babies born in the United States each year is born with Down syndrome. It affects an equal number of male and female babies” (Johnson P. A. 2014). Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that found across the world, however it is more prevalent in the United States. The cause of the disorder roots to the paring of the human chromosomes. A normal human receives 23 pairs of chromosomes, each pair coming from mother and father. In Down syndrome most people affected have an abnormal cell division of the chromosome....   [tags: genetic disorder, trisomy 21, mutation]

Better Essays
955 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Trisomy 21: Down Syndrome

- This person has three copies of one of their chromosomes instead of two. This is known as trisomy. The chromosome that is affected in this individual is chromosome 21. Although chromosome 21 is the smallest one humans have, it can cause a lot of problems if it is altered. This includes several kinds of cancers, such as a type of leukemia. It can also effect mental development and growth. Since this person has three chromosome 21's instead of two, this means that they have Down syndrome. It was identified as being a chromosome 21 trisomy in 1959 by Dr....   [tags: abnormality, probablity, happen]

Better Essays
609 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

What is Down Syndrome?

- Down syndrome (DS) is caused by a defect in chromosome 21. (Geraldine, 2012) The genetic material located inside chromosomes influences cell growth and function. (Geraldine, 2012) DS children have three copies of chromosome 21 instead of the normal two copies. (Geraldine, 2012) This can cause problems with immune protection, developmental delays, physical deformities, and normal body functions. (Ram, 2011) A diagnosis of DS can have overwhelming effects on both the child and parents caring for them....   [tags: Defect, Chromosome 21, Genetic Material]

Strong Essays
1106 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Speech and Down Syndrome

- One in every 732 newborns is born with a genetic disorder called Down syndrome (DS). It is the most common cause of intellectual impairments due to the presence of an extra chromosome in the 21st pair (Cleland, et al. 2010). The severity rates vary in every individual affected, however, 85% of people with DS present with mild to moderate intellectual disorder, and a minority of individuals with DS present with severe impairment (Barnes, et al. 2009). Research shows that children with DS appear to have more deficits in expressive speech and language compared to typical developing children....   [tags: intellectural, disorder, intervention]

Term Papers
1923 words | (5.5 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome

- To all parents, a newborn child is a small miracle, perfect and beautiful in every way. However, in many situations the parents of these miracles learn that their children are “not normal.” Every year 6,000 parents across the country are informed that their child has a genetic disorder called Down Syndrome (“National Down Syndrome Society,” n.d.). Within a matter of minutes parents learn that children with Down Syndrome can also have a variety of other conditions and disorders, will not develop in the same way that other children do, and may even have a shorter life span....   [tags: Chromosomal Level, Trisomy 21]

Better Essays
945 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Translocated Down Syndrome

- Translocated Down Syndrome Translocated Down Syndrome is genetically passed on from a parent’s gene to its child (Clinical Key, 2012). In this paper we will look at a short description of what Down syndrome really is, the genetic causes of Translocated Down syndrome, symptoms, characteristics, medications, intervention programs and testing for Down syndrome while an infant is still in the womb. The effects of Down syndrome are caused by an extra chromosome. “a genetic disorder, associated with the presence of an extra chromosome 21” (Dictionary.com, 2014)....   [tags: extra chromosome]

Better Essays
950 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Development and Learning For People WIth Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome All human beings are made up cells. In every cell, there is specific DNA that contains genetic material, which makes up a person. Genes are what is responsible for our appearance, and traits. Naturally, a cell is made up of 23 chromosomes. Whenever a person has an extra copy of chromosome 21; this individual will have Down syndrome. “It's this extra genetic material that causes the physical features and developmental delays associated with DS.” (“Down Syndrome.”). It can be inherited from one, or both of the parents....   [tags: prenatal screening, prenatal diagnostic]

Term Papers
2139 words | (6.1 pages) | Preview

Symptoms and Treatment of Human Down Syndrome

- Human Down Syndrome As diseases evolves so does humans, in order to eradicate the threats of the tiny world. Dangers such as viruses and bacteria, but humans are one-step forward and develop vaccines and antibiotics. Currently, one disease humans cannot stop is Down syndrome. Down syndrome causes a person to have physical and learning disabilities. Both of these disabilities can be minor to severe. According to World of Health (2000), “physical problems include a small skull, a narrowed or flattened nose bridge, poor muscle tone, and multiple folds beneath the eyes” (para....   [tags: disabilities, chromosome 21]

Strong Essays
1114 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

The Struggles Faced by Students With Down Syndrome

- Children with Down syndrome have a hard time in life. The effects on them, makes their life a struggle. Down Syndrome is a chromosomal abnormality and probably the most common genetic condition, occurs in about one in every eight hundred to one thousand live births or accounts for about 5 to 6 per cent of intellectual retardation. Down mainly affects their learning, social, walking, talking, dressing themselves and being toilet trained and behavior. Initially, Down's syndrome was given the label of Mongolism due to the characteristics of it....   [tags: chromosomes, hearing, social]

Better Essays
661 words | (1.9 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome: An Intellectual and Developmental Disability

- While completing a course on children with exceptionalities we used the textbook “Educating Exceptional Children”. While this textbook covered a variety of exceptionalities, I chose to research one further, Down syndrome. It is one of the most common and easily identified exceptionality and based on the higher prevalence of Down syndrome about 1 in 733 births ("About Down Syndrome") I believe that this may be one of the exceptionality I will have an increased chance of encountering during my teaching career....   [tags: Genetic Condition, Education, Development]

Strong Essays
1160 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Bruxism, Grinding of the Teeth and Down Syndrome

- Down syndrome is a learning disability which results from ‘chromosomal anomaly’ this is an error in cell division that results in the existence of a third copy of chromosome 21 known as trisomy (Down syndrome Ireland, 2013). 47 chromosomes develop rather than the usual 46; the extra gene changes the orderly development of the body and brain causing the physical and learning characteristics that are associated with Down syndrome (Irish Health, 2014). It causes mild to moderate learning difficulties, it is a lifelong condition....   [tags: intellectual and learning disability]

Term Papers
2270 words | (6.5 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome: An Intellectual and Developmental Disability

- Down Syndrome: An Intellectual and Developmental Disability While researching exceptionalities in the textbook Educating Exceptional Children, I chose to research further into Down syndrome. It is one of the most common and easily identified exceptionality and based on the prevalence of Down syndrome I believe that this is one exceptionality I will Identifying Down syndrome Down syndrome is a genetic condition which can cause intellectual and developmental disabilities. Persons affected with Down syndrome have the common will have an additional chromosome; instead of 46, they have 47 chromosomes....   [tags: identifying, education, intervention, development]

Good Essays
558 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome Chromosome Twenty One

- Down Syndrome Chromosome Twenty One Down syndrome affects one out of 700 children born in the United States. A chromosomal disorder associated with the twenty first chromosome pair, brings a lifetime of challenges to the affected person. Down syndrome is associated with intellectual disability, a characteristic facial appearance and reduced muscle tone during infancy as stated by Genetics Home Reference (2013). There are three different scenarios in which Down syndrome can occur. Down syndrome typically occurs as the result of having an extra twenty first chromosome....   [tags: genetics, trisomy 21]

Better Essays
923 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Trisomy 2: A Gift or a Curse?

- ... She stated that Sophie, her sister, is currently taking ballet with a group of children who have also been diagnosed with Down syndrome to help them strength their muscles. Due to the lack of development, people who are experiencing this disorder may have multiple health concerns such as leukemia, a heart defect, and gastrointestinal problems (Med net). How can one know if they will conceive a child with trisomy 21. As it was stated earlier, the Down syndrome disorder is genetic, but, in truth, the risk of conceiving a Down syndrome child increases with age....   [tags: Down syndrome]

Strong Essays
881 words | (2.5 pages) | Preview

Children With Down 's Syndrome

- Anissa Ayala at age 16 developed lumps on her ankles, followed soon by severe stomach pains. Later she finds that she needs a bone transplant that matches perfectly with her genetically. After looking for many years, the parents decide to have another child that matches with her sister through genetically modifying the baby. Marissa soon made headlines in becoming a successful child to be a perfect match to help her sister and later Anissa is cancer-free. Scientists are increasing their research on new discoveries in picking an embryo that best fits the parent’s needs....   [tags: Genetics, Gene, Pregnancy, Genetic disorder]

Strong Essays
2623 words | (7.5 pages) | Preview

How Individuals with Down Syndrome can Prosper in Life

- How Individuals with Down Syndrome can Prosper in Life Roger is a handsome blonde, blue-eyed boy but one can tell he is different from most other children.  His physical features are somewhat strange.  Roger's face is broader and his nasal bridge flatter than usual.  And his eyes, they appear to slant upward and have folds at the inner corners.  His mouth is small and the roof of his mouth is very narrow.  Not to mention his small ears which fold over a bit at the top.  Touching his hands they are tiny, his fingers shorter and his fifth finger seems to curve slightly inward.  These are all physical signs of a child with a disorder called Down syndrome, a chromosome disorder.  While there i...   [tags: Health Disorders Down Essays Papers]

Powerful Essays
1402 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Parents and Children with Birth Defects: Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome Every parent claims that they will console their newborn with love and affection under any conditions. But inspite of what they may say, they are still worried. After all, there have been several situations with birth defects that have caused years of frusturation and difficulties. No parent wishes for their own child to be born with a genetic mutation, but even as this is true, several children are born with it. “Down syndrome, which is a genetic condition, occurs in one in every 691 births”(Laney 5)....   [tags: chromosome 21, genetic mutation]

Better Essays
944 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Basic Human Right of People with Down Syndrome

- People with Down syndrome have been mistreated, terminated as a foetus, and denied basic human rights such as education and medical treatment (Smith, 2011). Why are people with Down syndrome treated differently from the rest of society. This may be due to the lack of understanding and respect given to them, therefore creating a stereotype against Down syndrome. This essay will discuss the challenges faced by people with Down syndrome, as well as the effectiveness of current policies and services available for them....   [tags: women´s risk, treatment]

Strong Essays
1170 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Benefits Of Early Intervention On Children With Down Syndrome

- The Benefits of Early Intervention on Children with Down syndrome Approximately one in every 691 babies is born with Down syndrome each year, in the United States. Down Syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that is associated with physical growth delays, distinctive facial features as well as mild to severe intellectual disabilities. Early intervention is not a common occurrence for children who have Down syndrome. Much of the time, we associate early intervention with children who obtain different delays and disabilities, such as Autism Spectrum Disorder....   [tags: Child development, Developmental psychology]

Better Essays
1789 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Does Down Syndrome Increase the Chances of Developing Leukemia?

- ... According to the agency of Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, despite the fact that petroleum products contribute to the majority of benzene in the atmosphere, half of the total national exposure comes from cigarette smoke. So if out want to decrease the risk of getting AML in your later years try and not smoke to help yourself. Other cases that are risks to get AML are following treatments with chemotherapy and radiation therapy from other cancers.( Howlader 2010) Some sign and symptoms that you may be developing AML are a low platelet count which can cause patients to bleed....   [tags: chromosomes, cancer, genetics]

Better Essays
1106 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome Children: Is Their Play Appropriate for the Environment?

- Special needs is a generic term used in a clinical diagnostic and functional development to describe individuals who require assistance for disabilities that may be a medical, mental, or psychological defect. Examples of disabilities include autism, Down syndrome, dyslexia, blindness and others. Statistics show that .14% of babies are born with Down syndrome, which is one in every 691 babies (Statistics of Children with SN). Although Down syndrome is a well-known problem and disability, professionals are trained to enforce verbal skills and symbolic play, as well as asking volunteers to participate in community involvement with special needs children....   [tags: special needs in education]

Strong Essays
1368 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Genetically Transmitted Disorder: How to Detect Down's Syndrome

- Introduction Down’s Syndrome, also known as Trisomy 21, is the most common genetically transmitted disorder(1), and is characterized by the presence of part of or a whole third 21st¬¬ chromosome(2). Parents of affected individuals usually do not exhibit Down’s Syndrome(3). Because it is caused by a double 21st chromosome in either of the parental gametes(4), Down’s syndrome is a chronic disease. Down’s Syndrome’s effects vary widely from patient to patient, but in most cases they are a form of mental impairment(5), in fact the average mental abilities of an affected adult are comparable to those of a child(3)¬....   [tags: amniocentesis, neurological symtoms]

Strong Essays
1033 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Is it Wrong for Women to Abort Fetuses with Down Syndrome?

- At some point in a woman's life, she may think of the idea of having a child. Some young girls are taught at a young age that when she grows up, someday she can have a family of her own if she chooses. When I was a child, I remember my mother and other womanly influences telling me that when I'm older, I might have a family of my own; and in result of this, ever since I was little, I have planned out how many children I want to have, and my expectations of my family life. However, while many women see themselves having children someday, and understand the process of carrying a child, some women might be in the dark about the complications that can come along with pregnancy....   [tags: termination of pregnancy when fetus is abnormal]

Free Essays
647 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

A Research Study On Down Syndrome ( Ds ) And Their Teachers

- Population: The populations in the study were elementary aged students who had a confirmed diagnosis of Down syndrome (DS) and their teachers. There were 26 school-aged children with an average age 7. Most of the students were educated in a public elementary school and the remaining was educated in combinations of home based and private educational settings. The inclusion criteria included a SFA completed by their teacher who did a developmental assessment to prove their age was in sample range the research....   [tags: Psychometrics, Reliability, Assessment, Language]

Strong Essays
1552 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome in Children

- Down Syndrome in Children Down syndrome is one of the most common and easily recognized genetic disorders. It is caused by abnormal cell division that involves the 21st chromosome pair of the 23 pairs of chromosome found in all normal human cells. There are three types of these abnormalities, which are non-disjunction, translocation, and mosaicism. Ninety five percent of children born with Down syndrome are a non-disjunction type which is three rather than two chromosome 21s. About three to four percent of cases are because of translocation which is chromosome 21 detaches and attaches to another chromosome....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
905 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Children with Down Syndrome

- Children with Down Syndrome Down syndrome affects many people in this world. Not only does it affect the person diagnosed as Downs, but it also affects their family and everyone around them. There are physical characteristics that help you identify somebody with Downs. There are also some health concerns that you need to worry about. In this essay I will give you a clearer understanding of what Downs syndrome is, and what it means to have Downs. Down syndrome can be caused for three different reasons....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
714 words | (2 pages) | Preview

Neuropathology Of Down's Syndrome

- Neuropathology Of Down's Syndrome Down’s syndrome is the most commonly identified cause of mental retardation occurring in 1 out of 700 live births. In addition to mental deficiency, characteristics of the disease include epicanthic folds of the eyes, flattened facial features, unusual palm creases, short stature, open mouth, protruding tongue and poor posture. A twenty-two to fifty fold increase in risk of the development of leukemia along with congenital heart defects in forty percent of these individuals is also seen....   [tags: Medical Disease Health Essays]

Term Papers
2061 words | (5.9 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome

- Karyotype is the characteristic chromosome complements of a eukaryotic species and they are arranged in homologous pairs. There are many abnormal chromosomes and some of them are Turner syndrome, Klinifelter syndrome, Edwards’s syndrome, Down syndrome and Patau syndrome. The abnormal chromosome that I was given was called Down Syndrome or trisomy 21. We could recognize this disease by looking at the Karyotype because a normal karyotype has two- 21 chromosome but in Down syndrome there are three- 21 chromosomes....   [tags: Biology Chromosome Disorders]

Free Essays
374 words | (1.1 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome Although many theories have been developed, it is not known what actually causes Down syndrome. Some professionals believe that hormonal abnormalities, X-rays, viral infections, immunologic problems, or genetic predisposition may be the cause of the improper cell division resulting in Down syndrome. It has been known for some time that the risk of having a child with Down syndrome increases with advancing age of the mother; i.e., the older the mother, the greater the possibility that she may have a child with Down syndrome....   [tags: Pregnancy Children Disorder Health Essays]

Free Essays
1258 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome People with Down syndrome are first and foremost human beings who have recognizable physical characteristics due to the presence of an extra chromosome 21. The estimated incidence of Down syndrome is between 1 in 1,000 to 1 in 1,100 live births. Each year approximately 3,000 to 5,000 children are born with this chromosome disorder. It is believed there are about 250,000 families in the United States who are affected by Down syndrome. Children with Down syndrome are usually smaller, and their physical and mental developments are slower, than youngsters who do not have Down syndrome....   [tags: chromosome disorders mental retardation]

Free Essays
902 words | (2.6 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome Down's Syndrome, it is one of the most frequently occurring chromosomal abnormalities found in humans effecting people of all ages, races and economic levels. It is a chromosomal anomaly in cell development that results in a person being born with forty-seven chromosomes instead of the normal forty-six chromosomes. People with Down syndrome may have mild to severe learning disabilities and physical symptoms, which include a small skull, extra folds of skin under the eyes, and a protruding tongue....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1511 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome

- Down syndrome Down syndrome takes its name from Dr. Langdon Down. He was the first person to describe the syndrome in 1866. The earliest recorded incident of someone having Down syndrome dates back to an altar piece painted in a church in Aachen, Germany in 1504. Although the syndrome is named after Dr Langdon Down, he did not understand the condition, as we know it today. The syndrome was referred to as having mongolism. This was because people who have Down syndrome have similar physical characteristics to those people of oriental heritage....   [tags: Mental Retardation Mentally Retarded]

Strong Essays
1391 words | (4 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome Down syndrome is not difficult to diagnose, doctors realize physical characteristics of those with Down syndrome in the delivery room. Although these characteristics have no functional or behavioral significance, questions are normally asked about Down syndrome. Parents do not normally see a resemblance between their child an a child with Down syndrome. Mere appearance does not affect the child’s behavior at all. Though physical symptoms are visual markers of other conditions that may impact the child’s development....   [tags: Informative]

Free Essays
306 words | (0.9 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome      Have you ever been in a situation where you were confronted by a child who has Down Syndrome and were unsure of how to act around that child. I'm sure many of us have experienced the awkwardness that accompanies such a situation. Many people feel guilt or pity for these children, I believe these reactions result from a lack of knowledge about the condition. Which is why I have chosen this topic.      Down Syndrome is a condition that cannot be physically passed on from one person to the next....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
1087 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome

- Sometimes when meiosis ( the division of reproductive cells ) occurs, chromosomes may be lost, left behind, or too many may be passed on, resulting in the birth of a child with a genetic or congenital defect or disease. One of the most common of these genetic disorders is Down syndrome. This disorder takes its name from Dr. Langdon Down, who was the first to describe it formally, in 1866. Down syndrome is a condition marked by abnormal physical and mental development that is caused by a genetic defect....   [tags: essays research papers]

Good Essays
597 words | (1.7 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome

- Down syndrome is a genetic disorder in which a person is born with an extra copy of chromosome 21. There are three genetic variations that cause Down syndrome: Trisomy 21, Mosaic Trisomy 21 or Translocation Trisomy 21. There are many ways in which theses disorders affect the body.  Trisomy 21 occurs when an egg or sperm comes in with an extra copy of chromosome 21, then, once an embryo is formed and starts to develop, the chromosome is replicated in every single cell of the embryo. Trisomy 21 is the most common type of Down syndrome....   [tags: genetic disorder]

Better Essays
691 words | (2 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome They used to be called "Mongoloids," an ethnic insult coined by John Langdon Down, an English physician during the nineteenth century. But now they are known as people, individuals with a condition known as Down syndrome. (3). It wasn't until the 1960s that Jerome Lejeune and Patricia Jacobs discovered the cause of Down syndrome (also called trisomy 21). But with technological advancements within the scientific community, more and more information has been gathered about the condition that affects about one in every one thousand children born around the world....   [tags: Biology Biological Medical Essays]

Strong Essays
1251 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome

- Down syndrome is a birth defect caused by a genetic disorder that affects 350,000 people in the United States. It is caused by abnormalities in the genes and is not inherited, meaning that parents do not pass this onto their children. Genetics is the study of heredity or how certain traits are passed from parents to their children. Genes are the basic unit of heredity. Cells are the building blocks of your body and each one of us has more than 100 trillion cells. Our genes are located in chromosomes....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Strong Essays
1123 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome Trisomy 21 is caused, as the name suggests, by the triplication of the 21st chromosome. Genes which, simplified, contain the blueprints for our cellular structure, are grouped along rod-like structures called chromosomes. Normally, the nucleus of each cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, half of which are inherited from each parent. In Down syndrome (DS), however, the cells usually contain not 46, but 47 chromosomes. This excess genetic material, in the form of additional genes along the 21st chromosome, results in DS....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
3121 words | (8.9 pages) | Preview

Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome Down syndrome is the most common genetic disorder among children. 1 out of every 1,000 is diagnosed with what is more commonly known as DS (Leshin, 2000). DS was first observed in 1866 by John Langdon Down, an English physician. However, only speculation existed on what caused this debilitating disease. In 1959, Jerome Lejeune and Patricia Jacobs discovered the true cause. It is trisomy of the 21st chromosomes that causes DS and the debilitating characteristics along with it (Leshin, 2000)....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

Strong Essays
992 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Linking Down’s Syndrome and Leukemia

- Many times two diseases show links between themselves. One example of a link is Down’s syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia. Down’s syndrome is a chromosomal disorder, and acute myeloid leukemia is the most common form of acute leukemia. Patients who have both of these diseases have to be treated separately and differently than those who suffer from just one disease. The survival rates of DS-AML patients are exceptionally high, especially in young patients. As a patient’s age increases, their survival rating decreases, however, comparatively to survival rates of other cancer, their rates remain optimistically high even at an older age....   [tags: chromosomal disorder, genetic information]

Better Essays
956 words | (2.7 pages) | Preview

Effects of Five Life Factors on an Individual's Development

- In this unit, I will be explaining how the five life factors effect the development of an individual. I will also explain how two predictable and unpredictable life events influence an individual’s development. Many events take place in an individual’s life which influences their development and these can be both positive and negative on the development. Positive events would be; getting married, having children, recovering from an illness and making friends; however, there are also many negative events that can take place such as; failing an exam, divorce, losing someone and getting an illness....   [tags: religion, down syndrome, disability]

Strong Essays
1401 words | (4 pages) | Preview

These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or essay length.


Your search returned over 400 essays for "Down Syndrome"
1  2  3  4  5    Next >>