Your search returned over 400 essays for "Animal Sciences"
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The Role of Communication in the Animal Industry

- The Role of Communication in the Animal Industry The animal industry is a growing field of interest, and in this growing field lies the value of communication. Communication plays a crucial role in Animal Science through written, oral, visual, and electronic communication. These types of communication are also useful when it comes to job searching. Dr. Brad Skaar shared with me his views on the value of communication in the discipline of Animal Science. Animal Science places a great value on communication....   [tags: Animal Sciences Essays]

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Natural Sciences with Ethical Considerations

- Interpreted literally, ethical judgements do seem to limit methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences; it’s not difficult to imagine the chaos of a world void of any kind of ethical considerations. However, can knowledge in the natural sciences even be compared to knowledge in the arts. Knowledge in the natural sciences includes knowledge that helps improve methods used in hospitals to treat previously untreatable illnesses. Art at first glance does not hold enough weight to be compared because it reaches a smaller number of people giving it less importance than knowledge gained in natural sciences....   [tags: Experiments, Studies, Natural Sciences]

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Methods of Experimentation and Research in the Natural Sciences that are Limited due to Ethical Considerations

- The production of knowledge, the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject (New Oxford), has constantly been accomplished throughout the history of man as a result of the characteristics of creativity and curiosity. These attributes, besides ethics, have set humans apart from the other species allowing for constant and rapid development. According to (Rest), an ethical judgment is the process by which an individual determines that one alternative is morally right and another alternative is morally wrong....   [tags: eugenics, animal testing, ethical judgement]

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Notes on Virtue, Tradition and Animal Mating

- ... In modern society, alterations are happening under the influence of globalization. In everyday life is becoming released from the embrace of tradition. And other societies across the world that remained more traditional are becoming detraditionalised. This is a society, where tradition has to be defended by traditional activities that are their own ritual and representation. Giddens speaks of different forms of tradition, the first is Heritage it is a simpler and commercialized type of tradition....   [tags: Philosophy, Natural Sciences]

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Animal Moralities and Human Negligence

- Tom Regan is an American philosopher and teacher. Regan was born in November 28, 1938 in Pittsburgh, and he received his B.A. at Thiel College. He has spent most of his career teaching philosophy at North Carolina state university, where he is now professor emeritus. Regan is regarded as one of the leading intellectuals in the animal rights movement. One of his ethic essays includes “The Case for Animal Rights”, and it was published in 1985 when he was 47 years old. According to the essay “The Case for Animal Rights,” Tom Regan discusses the objectives about the abolition of the use of animal in sciences, the termination of industrial animal agriculture, and the elimination of market...   [tags: animal testing, animal industries, animal rights]

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Ethical Judgements in Art and Natural Sciences

- Ethical judgements limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences. Discuss. We make decisions all the time. Similarly, there are decisions in various areas of knowledge whether it would be the arts or the natural sciences. Natural sciences is the area that is seeking for patterns. Meanwhile the arts is the area that is more broad and subjective. However, both areas of knowledge are affected by the decisions people make. These decisions are associated with the ethical judgments in society....   [tags: knowledge, decisions, arts, sciences]

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Animal Experimentation is Ethical and Necessary

- Each year, more than twenty five million animals are used for scientific research in the U.S. More than ninety percent of those are mice (Ericson para 1). The Institute for Laboratory Animal Research of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences argues that even sophisticated computers are unable to model interactions between molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organisms and the environment, as well as animals, making animal research necessary in many areas. Animal studies have been used in the past and shall continue to be used in the future for a number of applications in the field of orthopedics....   [tags: Animal Testing]

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Should Animal Testing Be Banned?

- ... Literally, "vivisection" means the "cutting up" of a living animal, and historically referred only to experiments that involved the dissection of live animals. The term is occasionally used to refer pejoratively to any experiment using living animals; for example, the Encyclopædia Britannica defines "vivisection" as: "Operation on a living animal for experimental rather than healing purposes; more broadly, all experimentation on live animals", The word has a negative connotation, implying torture, suffering, and death....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights, Medical research]

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Veterinarians: The Animal Healers

- When your pet gets sick, you can’t send it to your family doctor, or give it Tylenol. Our pets have their own special doctors, known as veterinarians. Veterinarians take care of animals from all sizes, species, and areas. Veterinarians work in clinics, pharmacies, and laboratories, to do checkups, run tests, and make medicine specifically designed for use by animals, since human medicine can be too strong or toxic for animal consumption. Without veterinarian many animals, especially species running the risk of being extinct, would not have lasted as long as they have without veterinarians....   [tags: animal doctors, career options]

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Animal Testing Must Be Banned

- ... Animals are force-fed this substance (1). Why would we want to put poor animals in this kind of pain for no reason. Animals to the society can be their world. Animal lovers in the society would probably give their all just to make their animals happy. Animals should not have to be guinea pigs to the scientists. Human and animal testing agrees only five-twenty five percent of the time, according to the Huntington Life Sciences (1). 88% of stillbirths are due to drugs posed to be safe in animal testing (1)....   [tags: pain, medicine, animal welfare act]

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The Animal Welfare Act Should Be Banned

- ... Do these animals have a conscious. Additionally, are these animals self-aware. The term conscious can have many definitions, which can be ambiguous at times. According to Stanford University, consciousness can be defined through sentience, wakefulness, and self-awareness (citeplato). Wakefulness can be described as “awake and normally alert” (citeplato). An animal that is “capable of sensing and responding to its world” (citeplato), can be described as sentient. Finally, self-awareness is that of a creature “that are not only aware but also aware that they are aware” (citeplato)....   [tags: Animal rights, Animal testing, Nervous system]

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Animal Testing And Animal Research

- ... In a book called Science, Medicine, and Animals and written by the National Research Council of The National Academies, talks about on how the lives of the animals and the humans; how they mutual benefit in their lasting bonds. The National Research Council of The National Academies says, “In 1933, more than a dozen women were blinded and one woman died from using a permanent mascara called Lash Lure” (pg. 21). This proves that the product they test on animals don 't work she same on when the humans where them....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights]

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Animal Experimentation

- Animals suffer just as people do. In 2009 animal experimentation was the cause of over 1.13 million animals, excluding small rodents, suffering in U.S. Laboratories (U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service). Animal experimentation is unethical, unnecessary and expensive; alternative methods of testing should be utilized. It is unethical to use the cruel methods of animal experimentation for our own benefit alone. The animals used in research range from birds, dogs, cats, and pigs to name a few....   [tags: Animal Rights]

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Animal Rights: Do They Deserve Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness?

- Do animals deserve the natural rights humans have. Animals are being kept captive in science labs to test many things. In research labs they are used to test many trivial products and they are used in valuable medical research. Many animal right activists go as far as breaking the law as an attempt to get the point across about the wellbeing of animals in science labs. The welfare of animals should be considered in experiments, although they are a substantial benefit to medical research there should still be strict enforced regulations set to stop the unnecessary pain and suffering of the animals. There are many animal rights activist groups asking that an animal’s life be seen just as va...   [tags: animal testing, animal abuse]

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Animal Testing : A Controversial Issue For So Long

- Animal Testing Animal testing has been a controversial issue for so long. You may hear different opinions from both sides of the argument, which both are trying to convince the other side whether it is right or cruel to use animal testing. Scientists use animals in medical fields and cosmetics-specially the ones with closest gene order to humans-to test new drugs or chemical substances on them and study the result and get to point of what they want. On the other side animal rights activists believe that scientists should not use innocent animals in experiments and it is not moral to see an animal suffer for humans benefit....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights, Human anatomy]

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Animal Experimentation : Unethical And Strongly Against Animal Rights

- ... Most of the time, however, the back is broken instead of the neck and the mouse will lay on the floor in pain as the nerves for it twitch. The mouse then has to suffer worse pain than the botox would have ever caused as they wait for their death. Rabbits, like mice, are used in Botox as well. The Botox is injected into the main vein in the rabbit’s ear. Many times, the rabbit will jump or the researcher will miss the vein. The researcher will continue to attempt to stick the rabbit in the ear until either the researcher succeeds or the vein ruptures leaving it useless....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights]

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Animal Farm by George Orwell

- George Orwell was a great writer; he created a book with many different qualities. Animal Farm is an allegory, fable, and a satire. He made the characters in the novel relate to real people and events in history. Examples such allegory would be Animalism compared with Communism, Snowball compared with Leon Trotsky, and Napoleon compared to Joseph Stalin. Animalism in many ways does symbolize Communism. Animalism for the animals would be a perfect land, no rich, no poor, and everyone is equal. They all would own the same amount of the farm....   [tags: Animal Farm Essays]

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Negative Aspects of Animal Testing

- An Evil Science: ANIMALS IN RESEARCH Dating back to ancient times, animals have been used in research to advance biomedical sciences. However, the ways the human race can exploit these living creatures are absolutely evil. The main concern animal rights advocates have are not concerned with the idea of using animals in research but the way people can torture these animals. The twentieth century has witnessed some of the cruelest acts of violence in the laboratory but it has also seen the rise of the animal rights movement....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Animal Testing]

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Should Animal Testing Be Banned?

- ... Herceptin is different from the traditional anti-cancer drugs because it does not has serious side effects, such as hair loss and nausea (Office of Media Relations, 2008). On the other hand, Medical animal experiments not only can help human invents new drugs to treat diseases, but also can test new drug on animals. When the scientists just invented a new drug, the drug cannot be used by patients directly because we do not know whether the drug is effective and safe to humans. So, we have to use animal experiments to test the new drugs....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights, Medicine]

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Should Animal Testing Be Allowed?

- ... When the scientist culture cell to the human organ, they can get more accurate and effective data to test the toxicity of drugs instead of using animals, because the animal models are still different from the humans in some particular ways. However the animal testing is inevitable, According to Vos’s article to test on animals will receive reliable and reproducible results. Most of the alternative techniques do not have the ability to respond the entire human system when conducting a test, including the stem cells....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights, Human]

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The Necessity Of Animal Toxicology

- Looks To Die For The necessity of animal toxicology has been a hotly debated subject ever since the practice was first introduced in America. There is also controversy over whether or not animal testing is ethical. Ingrid Newkirk of PETA states, “When it comes to having a central nervous system, and the ability to feel pain, hunger, and thirst, a rat is a pig is a dog is a boy” (qtd. in Breen). This quote describes one aspect of an animal safety activist’s opinion by pushing the idea that we should not hold human life on a higher pedestal than non-human life....   [tags: Animal rights, Human, Animal testing]

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Animal Testing Is Cruel And Inhumane

- Every year, an estimated 26 million animals are used for scientific and commercial testing. These animals are used to help develop numerous different things such as medical treatments, safety checks of products that will be used by humans, figuring out toxicity of medications, and many more biomedical, health care, and commercial uses (Hajar 2011). Animal testing dates as far back as ancient Greek times, physician-scientists like Aristotle and Erasistratus, had performed experiments on living animals, as did Ibn Zuhr, a physician in the twelfth century (Hajar 2011)....   [tags: Animal testing, Medical research, Biology]

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The Production of Knowledge in both the Arts and the Natural Sciences

- Production of knowledge is generally seen in a positive light. However, when ethics and morality become involved in the process of production, judgements will undoubtedly be made that may seem to limit the availability of that knowledge. Ethical judgements are made by the combination of a knower, his or her standard of value, and the situation itself. In the field of the arts and natural sciences, ethics plays a crucial role in the extent one may possibly be allowed to go to when discovering new knowledge....   [tags: ethical judgements, methods, limits]

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Animal Life As Important As Human Lives

- Are Animal Lives as Important as Human lives. The question of whether or not the lives of animals are equivalent to lives of humans remains open. Facts show the many differences between human and animal life, and that very people would argue that the lives of animals aren’t valued. It’s known that humans may be more intelligent than animals and we may have more influence over the Earth however, that doesn’t determine importance. Therefore, human lives are not more important than animal lives. Animals have their part in the environment and do make a contribution to Earth....   [tags: Human, Natural environment, Animal, Chimpanzee]

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Implementing an Animal Science Class

- ... Students need to be prepared for what they will learn in college. With Animal Science classes, future veterinarians can be one step ahead of where they would be and ready for what comes next. Not enough students entering an animal-related occupational field are properly educated. Establishing this class may be the only way to accurately reduce that problem. Secondly, this individual class would have a significant impact on the school itself. Any form of something new at the school—whether it is a class, sport, or any form of extra-curricular activity—looks good on the schools part....   [tags: student benefit, trying out new things]

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Ethical Judgements of the Arts and Natural Sciences

- We make decisions all the time whether it would be in the arts or in the natural sciences. Natural science is the area of knowledge that is seeking for patterns. Meanwhile the arts is the area that is more broad and subjective. However, both areas of knowledge are affected by the moral decisions and judgements that the people make in the production of knowledge or the method in which we explore for these areas of knowledge. Ethical judgements are related to the human moral values and they affect how people should or should not act (Dombrowski, 2007)....   [tags: values, controversial, animals]

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Animal Testing

- Canary in the kitchen detects carbon monoxide. Animal testing must be banned for unnecessary tests. Animals should not be guinea pigs. Animals still feel the pain when they are injected with medicine just like humans. Humans can defend themselves and stop the pain, but the animals get strapped down and cannot move. It is better to have tests run on animals because animals will help find cures faster. Animal testing must be banned for unnecessary tests because a lot of animals are dying for no reason....   [tags: Science Experiments, Animals, Guinea Pigs]

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Investigating Ethical Issues from a Philosophical and Religious Perspective: Animal Experimentation

- Hernandez 3 parts of an animal’s body, sometimes the entire body, to conduct experiments about stress. Other of the many destructive procedures include electrocution, tail suspension and drowning. (Office of Animal Care and Use, 2005) Not all of these animals die due to the causes of only one experiment however, these animals are kept in captivity and are continually tested on until they unfortunately meet their untimely deaths. It is due evidences such as these, that animal experimentation for medical research can be seen as productive for human or harmful to the lives of innocent animals....   [tags: animal abuse and testing]

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Ethical Judgments in the Arts and the Natural Sciences

- Ethical judgments limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences. Discuss. When talking about ethics we have to take in account that it is based on the socially standardized concept of some things being good and some things being bad. Therefore what might be seen as socially unethical arts for some people, in another society or in another time, it probably won’t be so. The same is true for the natural sciences. And even if we take our western society as a base, there are some aspects of ethics and some specific topics of which people do not have a standardized opinion....   [tags: Ethics Essays]

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Social Sciences Exam

- 1. Is necessary to develop the new social sciences because it exists as a result of the impact of two things happening in western intellectual traditions at the being of the 19th century. One is social theorists are becoming more and more interested in generalizing about human nature, its making statements about the general nature of human beings it is not just the history of the English people anymore, it’s the nature of human society. Two, is the impact of science on the thought processes of the European intellectual....   [tags: cultural anthropology ]

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A New Type Of Advanced Sciences Technology

- ... Genetically modified organisms often appear in animals such as fish and the common farm livestock. People have been breeding certain animals for a long time. People have often bred horses with donkeys to produce mules, a valuable and hardworking animal. People are beginning to do these processes in a lab. Some people will tend to believe that big companies mistreat their animals by putting them in overcrowded pens, feeding them low quality food, and improper waste disposal. Though some of this may be true, there are some great falsifications....   [tags: Genetically modified organism]

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The Documentary ' Animal Pharm '

- “Bioengineered foods have been consumed for close to 20 years, and during that time, no overt consequences on human health have been reported and/or substantiated in the peer-reviewed literature.” The documentary “Animal Pharm” explores the nature of transgenic and genetically modified organisms, otherwise known as GMOs, in our present day society. The film begins by introducing a breed of cattle that has been modified to enhance characteristics needed for humans. Belgian blue cattle are a heavy-built breed, producing large amounts of meat and muscles....   [tags: Genetically modified organism]

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Medical Researchers and Animal Testing

- Animals are used in testing because it's the safest and most ethical way to test medicine. Would it be crueler to let animals or humans suffer. Actually, that's a trick question. Most animals do not experience the pains and agonies you are led to believe they undergo. Medical researchers say they have to use many analgesics and pain killers because if the animal is in pain, it's under so much stress and could sway test results ( Therefore, animals are not in much pain for most tests....   [tags: ethics, cruel, pain, experience]

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Veterinari The Animal Doctor

- Veterinarian: The Animal Doctor As the human heart continues to grow, peoples ' connection with animals grows stronger as they began to treat their pets as part of the family. The field of veterinarians is growing scientifically and technologically as they become more into demand. Veterinarians must care about animals, but they must also separate themselves from their patients which makes their job so difficult. Many others types of medical doctors may claim that veterinarians are not real doctors, but they do not fully realize the difficulty of having to know the medical history of more than one species....   [tags: Veterinary medicine, Medicine, Veterinarian]

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Animal Experimentations

- Widely exploited to formulate new drugs and to examine the safety of other products, animal experimentations often induce pain to the animals involved, even reduce their life quality. Annually, over six million animals are exploited in facilitating research and teaching in Australia and New Zealand. How many more animals should we sacrifice to fulfill our insatiable needs. In the research paper I reviewed, guinea pigs were used to investigate the effectiveness of a drug called levodopa in suppressing short-sightedness, indicated by the retinal dopamine level....   [tags: Ethics]

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Ethical Judgements Limiting the Production of Arts and Sciences

- ... We could call this a type of pseudo-art with hidden ideologies trying to percolate into people’s minds. The forms of art they have been producing adulate a leader, an ideal, passing the direct opinion of the leader or the ruling party to their followers, or try to harvest ideologies in the minds of potential future adherents. Their art plays with people’s emotions, inducing opinions, through propaganda, through presenting things in a specific way. Specific examples for this type of artworks would be the “Der ewige juden” anti-Semitic film, from 1940 by Fritz Hippler, the president of the Reich Film Chamber who directed this film with input from German Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbe...   [tags: perspective, symbolism, experimements]

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Social And Cultural Factors That Make Up The Arts And Sciences

- “The various disciplines that make up the arts and sciences are the cultural frames in terms of which attitudes are formed and lives conducted. The interpretive study of culture represents an attempt to come to terms with the diversity of the ways human beings construct their lives in the act of leading them.” -Clifford Geertz, Local Knowledge. Culture plays an intricate part in how people develop their attitudes towards society, and the ways in which they decide to live their lives. Clifford Geertz wrote, “Man is an animal suspended in webs of significance he himself has spun.” (1983)....   [tags: Addiction, Drug addiction, Sociology, Alcoholism]

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The Impact of Morals on Knowledge Creation is More Limiting in Natural Sciences than Arts

- The ethical judgment, otherwise known as what one deems morally correct and incorrect, is a term that numerous controversies have stemmed from based upon the confusion surrounding the question of what one deems right or wrong. The eternal struggle to answer such a question lies within the fact that for different knowers, situations and geographic locations, there are varied ethical standards. Ultimately, such uncertainty has resulted in limitations placed upon the methodologies utilized in knowledge’s establishment within different areas of knowledge, such as the arts and natural sciences....   [tags: Scientific Method, Ethics in Science]

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Animal Experiment: Male Wistar Rats

- MATERIALS AND METHODS Animals 4-6 weeks old male Wistar rats weighing 80-120 g at study initiation, were obtained/purchased from the Animal House of Ahvaz Jondishapour University of Medical Sciences (AJUMS), Ahvaz, Iran. The rats were housed in an animal room maintained at 23 ± 3 °C and a relative humidity of 30-70 % with the altering light/dark cycle of 12h during the experiment and for at least, one week prior to sensitization period (for acclimatization purposes). The animals were housed in stainless-steel wire cages in groups of 5 and had free access to PN-free standard laboratory rodent chow and water....   [tags: cholera toxin, peanut allergy]

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Should Animals be Used for Medical Research?

- Should animals be used for medical research. 1. Introduction The deployment of animals for medical research has brought heated debates from both the proponents and opponents each holding to their views in a tight manner. Those who are in support of animal research argue that it has been constituting a vital element in the advancement of medical sciences throughout the world providing insights to various diseases, which have helped in the discovery and development of various medicines that have brought an improvement in the qualify of living of people....   [tags: Animal Rights ]

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The Controversial Issue of Animal Ethics

- The Controversial Issue of Animal Ethics The struggle against sickness and disease is not over, yet medical progress is being threatened by activists who would end the use of laboratory animals in the search for treatment and cures. Their well financed anti-research disinformation campaign is not the only weapon used by animal rights activists. The more extreme animal rights activists have used tactics of intimidation and terrorism, for example: April 26,1997, activists were arrested when they tried to force their way into Yerkes Regional Primate center during a protest....   [tags: essays papers]

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Charles Darwin 's Impact On The Life And Earth Sciences And On Creative Thought

- ... In the stone layers of the earth, researchers have discovered many fossils. According to developmental scientists, the historical backdrop of this world is recorded on the stones that make up the world 's outside layer and the fossils that they contain. Evolutionists guarantee that these stones have been framed, wearing without end, and improving after the world started. Although biology frequently disregards the criteria contending against development, despite everything it contains the gap that the transformative hypothesis has....   [tags: Evolution, Charles Darwin, Fossil]

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The Inhumane Regulations And Requirements

- You wake up in the morning and walk straight to the bathroom to get ready for your day. You apply moisturizer, for men their aftershave, and women their makeup. You go through your routine, and go on to the rest of your morning wondering what you will eat for breakfast. Though, the thing is that when you put on those products you only thought about the benefit that they would do for you. You didn’t think about the bunny rabbit that had to be forced down, shaved, and endure the side effects of the product before it was acceptable for human use....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights]

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Alternatives for Animal Dissection

- One of the breadth requirements for every student in college is to take a biological or life science course. When it comes to Biology, Anatomy, and few other sciences, one needs to learn about the body parts and the functions. Books explain all the information, but hands on learning is better so animal specimen are used for dissections and experiments. But is this the only way to learn about the body. There are students that find it disturbing when they look at a dead corpse or are against using animals....   [tags: life science, anatomy, biology]

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Ethical Dillemma Commonly Experiences in the Arts and Science

- ... However, with this demand of furthering knowledge comes a required face of reality when situations occur that do not fit the normality of people’s ideals. One rather common and well-known real life situation that relates to the ethical judgments in the natural sciences is the carrying out of animal experimentation in order to further knowledge relatable to humans. The main ethical judgment against animal experimentation is that the animals placed in these situations face an unavoidable amount of pain....   [tags: judgement, animal testing, racial]

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The Theory of Knowledge

- Producing knowledge has always been a fundamental aspect of human nature. As curious individuals, we strive to discover new facts, create new inventions, and define new ideas. This fascination with exploration is what propels us forward as a society; however, the methods we utilize to achieve these goals can be debated as ethically correct or not. As each individual has his or her own perceptions of what can be considered ethically correct, ethical judgements often vary, limiting the abilities of ethical judgements to limit the production of knowledge....   [tags: Natural Sciences]

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Benefits Of Zoos And Animal Sanctuaries

- The Benefits of Zoos and Animal Sanctuaries Zoos in the 21st century are beneficial in so many ways. Not only do they provide a safe habitat for mainly rescued animals, but they breed endangered animals for release into the wild. Some species are having much difficulty breeding because their lack of suitable habitats from the destruction of mankind. Every year, numerous animals go extinct. If we had these species in a breeding program in a zoo or sanctuary, we may not have lost them forever. The histories of zoos have not always been the best....   [tags: Extinction, Endangered species, Species]

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The Necessity of Animal Captivity

- Animal captivity is a much discussed issue for both its benefits and detriments to the animals. Many people view animal captivity as a harm and believe that it should be stopped; however, what is not taken into account is its benefits. Animal captivity aids both animals and humans in multiples ways, but the majority of help animal captivity offers is through preservation of animal species, and education benefits that zoos and aquariums represent to man. The preservation of animals must continue so that generations to come can not only benefit from what the animals have to offer for the ecosystems they thrive in, but so that the human race can continue to further its understanding of nature f...   [tags: Benefits, Detriments, Anilas, Captivity]

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Should Animals Be Used For Medical Research?

- ... Many of these animals play an important role in our medical and science world. The Embow Reports perfectly sums up the importance of animal in the following statement. (2007) “Animal research has had a vital role in many scientific and medical advances of the past century and continues to aid our understanding of various diseases” (pg. 27). The animals in some of these testing are used as reference to the human DNA. Some animals share close to genetic makeup as do humans. The testing on animals of animal have two major views, animal testing is helps solve many of the disease and sickness that effect many humans....   [tags: Animal testing, Human, Medical research]

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Animal Dreaming and Substantiation: A Potential Field in Science

- Animal sleep is presented in various patterns like hibernation, nocturnal activity, and even napping. For example, penguins rarely sleep in case of abrupt attacks of predators. They sleep in standing positions for only a few minutes to provide security. In some occasions, penguins take naps in the ocean after a full meal. As this example demonstrates, the state of sleeping in animals is confirmed based on scientific research. The evidence of animal sleep is obvious, mainly characterized by temporary unconsciousness, non-responsiveness to external stimuli, and passivity in movement....   [tags: REM Sleep, Involuntary Body Movements]

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A More Responsible Approach to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation

- It’s Time for a More Responsible Approach to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation The debate about using animals for medical testing has been raging for years. The struggle always seems to be between extremist animal rights activists who believe that animals should never be used for research, and scientists who believe that any use of animals is acceptable. There are a growing number who argue that there must be a reasonable middle ground. I contend that there must be a significant decrease in the number of animals used by humans to further human goals....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]

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Human-Animal Hybrid Experiments

- Overview The current issue facing societies around the world is human-animal hybrids experiments. These experiments are viewed in two lights, positive and negative. The positive of having these tests are that scientists could rid the world of diseases. However on the other hand people see these studies as inhumane and detrimental to everyone’s well being. This paper will be broken down into 6 areas including (1) a brief history of hybrid experiments dating within the decade, (2) a view of the stakeholders in the issue at hand, (3) how people would interact with humans receiving these treatments, (4) cultural and ethical considerations, (5) problems still at hand, and (6) a conclusion....   [tags: Medical Ethics ]

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Animal Dreaming and Substantiation-A Connection to Humanity

- Animal sleep is presented in various patterns like hibernation, nocturnal activity, and even napping. For example, penguins rarely sleep in case of abrupt attacks of predators. They sleep in standing positions for only a few minutes to provide security. In some occasions, penguins take naps in the ocean after a full meal. In contrast, brown bats spend generally nineteen hours just on sleeping hanging upside down. As these examples demonstrate, the state of sleeping in animals is confirmed based on scientific research....   [tags: hibernation, nocturnal activity, napping ]

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Ethics and Scientific Research

- Ethics is the study of moral values and the principles we use to evaluate actions. Ethical concerns can sometimes stand as a barrier to the development of the arts and the natural sciences. They hinder the process of scientific research and the production of art, preventing us from arriving at knowledge. This raises the knowledge issues of: To what extent do moral values confine the production of knowledge in the arts, and to what extent are the ways of achieving scientific development limited due to ethical concerns....   [tags: moral values, natural sciences, arts]

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Human-Animal Hybrid Research: What is a Chimera?

- The word “chimera” is that usually only related to mythology. However, it can also be used to describe a type of research that combines organisms composed of genetic material (usually cellular) from two distinct species (Eberl & Ballard, 2009). This term can be applied to research using genetic material from humans and animals. With this kind of human-animal hybrid research, scientists are able to perform experiments using things like human embryonic stem cells without injury to people or animals....   [tags: greek mythology, embryos]

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Animal Body And Its Effects On The Human Body

- ... In the Republic of Georgia and Poland, phages have remained in use since their discovery and they have been able to avoid the resistant scare that America is facing. However, administrations are slowly realizing the potential of phage therapy. A new motion by the Food and Drug Administration has demanded that the use of human antibacterials in livestock be reduced. In an attempt to control any contamination of the livestock, phages have been advocated for use. Through their ability to cross contaminate subjects, phages would be capable of keeping the environment clean and reduce the chances of contamination spreading (Inal 239)....   [tags: Bacteria, Antibiotic resistance, Escherichia coli]

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Animal Rights

- One of the most touchy aspects of our relationship with animals is the use of animals in laboratory sciences. Some manufactures of cosmetics and household products still conduct painful and useless tests on live animals, even though no law requires them to do so. Some people, called anti-vivisectionists, are at one extreme in their concern. They want an abolition of all experiments on live animals. At the other extreme there are those who say that it is quite all right for us to do whatever we like to animals....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Human Sciences And Natural Sciences

- As humans, we constantly try to identify simple patterns and classify knowledge into straight forward and discrete categories. Therefore, simplicity is favoured in many areas of knowledge as it allows knowledge to be expressed in the easiest and most understandable manner. However, in certain areas of knowledge, having a simple illustration may be done at the expense of having an accurate outcome. The term ‘simplicity’ has many negative connotations attached to it, but having a simple model can be of more use to knowers than an accurate one....   [tags: Scientific method, Science, Social sciences]

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Ethics in Research: Example of the Landis Facial Expression Study

- Ethics, though sometimes overlooked, are an integral part in conducting proper research. Though the primary goal of the researcher may be to find answers that support his hypothesis—particularly, positive results that successfully can apply to the general population—maintaining ethical conditions is also just as important, if not more. Some of the most infamous studies that have occurred in the social sciences field throughout the years were ones that raised ethical concerns. One such study is known as the Landis Facial Expression Study that was conducted in 1924 by Carney Landis, who was a graduate student in psychology at the University of Minnesota at the time....   [tags: Animal Cruelty, Psychology, Disgust]

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Animal Testing Is Essential For Medicine And Science

- Animal Testing Right now, almost 26 million animals are locked inside cold, desolate cages in laboratories across the world. They are in tremendous amounts of pain longing to one-day roam free again. Instead, they must sit and wait in fear until they are used in a painful procedure. After enduring being held captive all alone in a cage, almost all of them will die. They are deprived of food, water, and sleep. Most are even subject to burns and other wounds, or even worse, neck breaking and decapitation....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights]

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Who I Am As A Reflective Social Scientist

- ... Furthermore, our thinking is influenced by perception, judgment, experience, and bias. Many causes contribute to each result, outcome, event, or incident. Behar (1996) found "The genres of life history and life story are merging with the testimony, which speaks to the role of witnessing in our time as an important form of approaching and transforming reality" (p. 27); what does this mean for the provider. We can further hypothesis of how in-depth influence will hold one to action, does it only represent importance in social settings or does it build a routine that will become an adapted behavior affecting more personal aspects of self-reflected in social behavior....   [tags: Sociology, Psychology, Social sciences]

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I Am As A Reflective Social Scientist

- ... Furthermore, our thinking is influenced by perception, judgment, experience, and bias. Generally, many causes contribute to each result, outcome, event, or incident. Behar (1996) found “The genres of life history and life story are merging with the testimonio, which speaks to the role of witnessing in our time as a key form of approaching and transforming reality” (p. 27); what does this mean for the provider. We can further hypothesis of how in-depth influence will hold one to action, does it only represent importance in social settings or does it build a routine that will become an adapted behavior affecting more personal aspects of self-reflected in social behavior....   [tags: Sociology, Psychology, Social sciences]

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The Social Sciences On The Nation State

- The contemporary concept of the nation-state came into being as a result of the Treaty of Westphalia1, and it 's rise to become the dominant form of social organisation can arguably be viewed as a direct consequence of decolonisation.2 The focus of the social sciences on the nation-state as a primary unit or level of analysis can be seen to be drawn from the sociological perspective of positivism, which sought to base the social sciences on the quantifiable methodologies of the natural sciences3, and in the subsequent macrosociological developments.4 However, whilst it provides a useful unit of categorisation and compartmentalisation, in the modern era the focus on the nation-state “...has p...   [tags: Sociology, Social sciences, Nationalism]

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Animal Testing is Animal Cruelty

- Animal Testing is Animal Cruelty The way I look at animal testing is a form hateful cruelty. None of these people care about if it hurts or kills the animals. The cruelty has been going on long enough and I think it is time to stop. What people do not know is that animal’s react a different way to drugs as humans do, so scientist cannot apply the results to humans. Many animals go through screaming, unbearable, horrific; you cannot even imagine pain when they go through test for products that you use every day such as: Cosmetics, Household Products, Medical Products, even Iams dog products....   [tags: Animal Rights]

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Animal Experimentation Should Be Banned

- ... Reducing the amount of animals that are murdered yearly could be very beneficial to the environment as well as science. With the overwhelming number of animals that are killed each year there won’t be many left in the future at this rate for advancement.” However, killing at this rate will put some of these animals on the endangered list that will in return cause an imbalance in the environment as some animals fend on predators and others aid in many other ways.”( Pal, T. Part 1) There are several methods in which these animals are being killed as mentioned in the text above....   [tags: Animal rights, Animal testing, Science, KILL]

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The Morality Of Animal Experimentation

- The morality of animal experimentation has always been up for questioning. People would like to think animals are not on the same levels as them. After all, people are the alpha on the food chain simply because animals don’t have the capabilities or intelligence as humans do. However, putting them on the level with non level things is a bit unfair. Animal experimentation can be dated back many of centuries. An old scientist once performed live lectures on pregnant dogs. The scientist would harm the pup right in front of her....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights, Experiment, Science]

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The Human Sciences And Natural Sciences

- While looking at Human Sciences and Natural Sciences as areas of knowing and memory, emotion, intuition and language as ways of knowing, we can see that shared knowledge can shape personal knowledge. Most knowledge is shared and in many cases shared knowledge exists prior to personal knowledge and plays a significant role in formulating it. Through the Human Sciences shared knowledge can be defined as knowledge that is based on cultural norms. Personal knowledge is defined as knowledge that is obtained by experience and perspective such as memories and emotions, personal knowledge can be something that an individual knows that others also know, therefore it is personal and shared, however, k...   [tags: Scientific method, Theory, Science, Sociology]

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The Controversy Surrounding Scarce 's Research Involving The American Sociological Association 's Code Of Ethics

- The controversy surrounding Scarce’s research involving the animal rights group, Animal Liberation Front—a radical environmental movement that raided Washington State University’s animal lab—set off a firestorm and eventual legal battle about the issue of confidentiality in research. It as well highlighted the power of the power of the state, and the inadequate power of the American Sociological Association’s (ASA) Code of Ethics. According to the ASA’s Code of Ethics, “sociologists have an obligation to ensure that confidential information is protected” (1999)....   [tags: Law, Sociology, Ethics, Social sciences]

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Aristotle Is The Father Of The Biological Sciences?

- It is said that Aristotle is the father of the biological sciences. Through his exploration of animals, Aristotle used systems of classification and ideas of the scientific method that are the precursors to similar concepts today. Extending this, many would say that Modern Biology stems directly from the ideas and methods of Aristotelian Biology. However, while Modern Biology does follow the basic principles of Aristotle’s scientific method and classification of animals, it extends them beyond Aristotle’s concepts and in doing so begins to depart from an Aristotelian conception of species and the process and purpose of their development into a new scientific schema distant from Aristotle’s...   [tags: Scientific method, Science, Aristotle, Biology]

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Animal Experimentation Should Be Banned

- ... Scientist developed less expensive methods, like computer modeling and humans-simulators that would allow extra money to be implemented in advance research instruments. On the other hand supporters of animal experimentation argue that the cost is not great when compared with the benefits of the procedure. The type of information they claim to obtain will be nearly impossible without a living object. Although other methods have been developed, scientists will use an animal on some stage of the experiment, to keep it as safe for the humans as they could....   [tags: Human, Mammal, Animal rights, Science]

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The Modern Social Sciences Of America Come?

- ... Four characteristics were shared by the emerging social sciences in the 19th Century: 1) All of them became separate disciplines, 2) all became securely established in academic institutions, 3) all underwent processes of professionalization, and 4) all attempted to establish themselves as sciences. The major drive/motivation to form the social sciences into distinct modes of inquiry was the desire to “extend social knowledge and provide a more authoritative basis for dealing with contemporary social problems” (Ross 85)....   [tags: Scientific method, Science, Social sciences]

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George Orwell 's Down And Out

- ... Eileen supported him throughout his career. The pair had an open marriage. He had a couple of dalliances while he was with her. After her death Orwell married Sonia Brownell in 1950. He was only married to her for a short while until he died.(Bio, Page-2) George did not have any children. While he was with Eileen they adopted a son in 1944. They named him Richard Horatio Blair after one of his ancestors. After Eileens death Richard was raised by Orwell’s sister Avril.Before Orwell became a writer he was barely making ends meet....   [tags: Nineteen Eighty-Four, George Orwell, Animal Farm]

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Animal Testing Should Not Be Tolerated

- Today, millions of animals are being tested on for the use of human products, causing them to fall ill and die, leaving them no choice but to be experimented on. Animal abuse can be more than what meets the eye. Specifically, animal testing is a form of animal abuse and usually ends in death of a harmless animal. Some might say that there is no other way to test products, but due to the harm that is done and our advancements in science, animal testing should not be tolerated. Our advancements in science have enabled us to create other things that we can test on, instead of harming innocent animals....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights]

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Should Animal Research Be Banned?

- Each year, thousands of animals are euthanized due to animal Research. Using animals as experiments facilitate, develop completely differently treated and additionally helps notice safer ways of treatments. Although several may argue that scientist are putting the lives of animals in danger by testing on them, however, is animal life valued over human lives. By showing emotion there may be some guilt for harming the lives of animals, however puzzling over what percentage human lives are saved from animal testing making all animal research worthwhile....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights, Animal, The Animals]

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Animal Testing Should Be Banned

- To protect humans, many rich, big corporations take part in testing animals on their products before released to their consumers. The type of these test animals have to endure having a wide range of chemicals and products, which include drugs, vaccines, cosmetics, household cleaners, hair products, toothpaste, soap and bath products, pesticides, razor and hair removal, pet food, and packing materials. The safety testing of chemicals and consumer products account for only about ten percent of the use of animal testing laboratories....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights, Animal, The Animals]

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Animal Experimentation : The Necessary Evil

- ... The Department of Health, as well as the pharmaceutical industry, claim that it is practically impossible to develop new drugs without conducting research on animals. If new drugs were developed artificially, the process would be slow, and the end result could be detrimental to human life. Pharmaceutical researchers are required by law to safety-test all new medicines for humans on animals first (Festing and Greek). Overall, medical outbreaks result from experimentation on animals. Opposers to animal experimentation claim that the test could be conducted on investigative tools, such as cell cultures, non-invasive imaging, or computer models; however, these models could never completely r...   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights]

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The Animal Welfare Act ( Awa )

- Each year more than 100 million animals are killed in laboratories for animal research. Whether it be to make sure a new mascara wont blind hundreds of women, or for cancer research, it is likely that animals lives will be sacrificed in order to do so. Subjected animals are forced into extreme conditions, often tortured and forced to endure treatments and tests that are unimaginable to humans, all the while deprived of everything they’ve ever known to be habitual. While many species are protected from animal research by the Animal Welfare Act, many are not....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights, Science]

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Animal Testing Should Not Be Banned

- Animal Testing “The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated” (Johnson). According to Mohandas Gandhi, the United States will never be a great nation unless they start treating animals the way that we want to be treated. The U.S. treats their animals like disposable laboratory equipment, because during experiments animals are tortured, killed, and tossed in the trash. Animal testing must be stopped because of the wasted money, cruelty to the animals, and the unreliable results....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights]

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Animal Testing : Good Or Bad?

- Animal Testing: Good or Bad. What would you do if someone decided to force you to become their personal experiment. Guys, how would you feel if someone decided to put makeup all over your face. You would not like that, would you. So if you agree that you would not like being a test experiment , why agree to animals being tested. On the other hand, how would you feel if someone sold you a product that has not been tested and could possibly kill you. Is that better than mistreating animals. From doing research, I have found a few pros along with cons to testing animals....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights]

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Animal Experimentation On Cosmetic Products

- Jeongmin Kwon (Min) December 09, 2014 Kiri Manookin Writing 4 Animal experimentation on cosmetic Nowadays, over 100milion animals are forcefully killed in American labs to make new cosmetics. This is a typical image of animal testing that refers to an experiment on animals for the sake of the develpment of products such as medicine, cosmetics, and food additives. One animal experiment reports that it "includes tests for skin or eye irritation, skin sensitisation (allergy), toxicity (poisoning), mutagenicity (genetic damage), embryonic or fetal genetic damage and toxicokinetics (to study the absorption, metabolism, distribution and excretion of the substance)" ("The European Coalition To End...   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights]

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