A trend of the past several years has been the growing use of qualitative research for educational research. Qualitative research, broadly defined, means "any kind of research that produces findings not arrived at by means of statistical procedures or other means of quantification. Where quantitative researchers seek causal determination, prediction, and generalization of findings, qualitative researchers seek instead illumination, understanding, and extrapolation to similar situations. Qualitative analysis results in a different type of knowledge than does quantitative inquiry. " (Hoepfl, 1997, p.13). "During the past several decades, particularly during the 1970s and 1980s, naturalistic inquiry (or qualitative research) has gained considerable acceptance. Nevertheless, the debate between quantitative and qualitative methodologies, as competing positions, persists. It is important to recognize the limitations of viewing quantitative and qualitative methods as completely different or competing approaches" (Custer, 1996, p. 4). What exactly are the basic differences between the two forms of research? Hoepfl (1997) explains it by saying that "phenomenological inquiry, or qualitative research, uses a naturalistic approach that seeks to understand phenomena in context-specific settings. Logical positivism, or quantitative research, uses experimental methods and quantitative measures to test hypothetical generalizations (p. 14)". Custer (1996) also points out that "the qualitative-quantitative dichotomy dates back as early as the 17th century where quantitativists were characterized by some as ‘vulgar statisticians’".
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...." The decision to use qualitative methodologies should be considered carefully, though. "By its very nature, qualitative research can be emotionally taxing and extraordinarily time consuming. At the same time, it can yield rich information not obtainable through statistical sampling techniques" (Hoepfl, 1997, p. 37).
Custer, R. L. (1996). Qualitative research methodologies. Journal of Industrial Teacher Education, 34, 3-6.
Hoepfl, M.C. (1997, Fall). Choosing qualitative research: A primer for technology education researchers. Journal of Technology, 9, 12-39.
Johnson, S. D. (1995, Spring). Will our research hold up under scrutiny? Journal of Industrial Teacher Education, 32, 3-6.
Sutton, B. (1993). The rationale for qualitative research: A review of principles and theoretical foundations. Library Quarterly, 63, 411-430.
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- Qualitative Research for Instructional Technology Background: A trend of the past several years has been the growing use of qualitative research for educational research. Qualitative research, broadly defined, means "any kind of research that produces findings not arrived at by means of statistical procedures or other means of quantification. Where quantitative researchers seek causal determination, prediction, and generalization of findings, qualitative researchers seek instead illumination, understanding, and extrapolation to similar situations.... [tags: Qualitative Research in Education]
1071 words (3.1 pages)
- Qualitative Research Qualitative Research Defined: The simplest way to define qualitative research is to say that it is a type of research which involves interpreting nonnumerical data. The underlying belief of qualitative research is that "meaning is situated in a particular perspective or context, and, since different people and groups have different perspectives and contexts, there are many different meanings in the world, none of which is necessarily more valid or true than another" (Gay & Airasian, 1996).... [tags: Qualitative Research in Education]
1845 words (5.3 pages)
- Assumptions This study has four assumptions. First, teachers will gain the basic understanding of the benefits of wireless technology and take an intuitive to integrate it into their instructional practices. Second, the presented assessment is receptive enough to assess teachers’ technological attitudes. Third, the responses from the participating sample will be honest and accurate. Last, explore and, establish whether there is a need to offer advance technology training initiatives. Limitations The limitations are as follows: the amount of time available for the researcher to conduct this study.... [tags: Education, Technology in the Classroom]
1667 words (4.8 pages)
- Quantitative Research Quantitative research is based on statements such as "anything that exists exists in a certain quantity and can be measured." "While Thorndike’s statement from 1904 appears to be fairly innocent and direct, it staked an important philosophical position that has persisted in social science research throughout most to this century." (Custer, 1996, p. 3). In 1927, William F. Ogburn successfully lobbied to have Lord Kelvin’s motto: "When you cannot measure, your knowledge is meager and unsatisfactory" prominently and permanently carved onto the face of the University of Chicago’s social science research building." In this decade, however, the competing paradigms of quant... [tags: Scientific Research Science Essays]
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- ... Interviews entail soliciting questions, listening to and recording responses from a person or group (Bryman, 2006). Interviews provide a researcher with the ability to get in depth information from those most pertinent to the study including management in leadership positions and the employees who work for these leaders (Bryman, 2006). Case studies assist the researcher to guarantee that the outcomes of the study are applicable to the real world via the application of action research that applies to the subject being researched (Bryman, 2006).... [tags: Qualitative research, Scientific method]
1627 words (4.6 pages)
- In chapters 1 and 2, I discussed the problem of successfully implementing computer technology for literacy instruction in the classroom, the need to study the importance of making technology an integral part of literacy education, and the theoretical frameworks of new literacies and constructivism. In this chapter, I will detail the research methodology and forms of data collection I have chosen to use to determine how this study can provide new research for the integration of computers in the classroom as it applies to current and future literacy instructional models.... [tags: Education]
1440 words (4.1 pages)
- ... On the other hand, the answers from the qualitative researchers may provide new relationships or surprising explanation that the theory or previous literature fails to identify due to their openness towards what causes the dependent variable. This type of surprise is somewhat rare in quantitative analysis but may only emerge when the researchers try to fix the model if errors occur or the proposed model does not satisfactorily explain the phenomenon as the previous theory suggests. It is because the researchers have to review the impact of independent variables, add or replace them when necessary, and introduce dummies to stop what confound the relationship between independent and depend... [tags: Qualitative research, Scientific method]
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- To collect valid and reliable data for the investigation, the researcher combined qualitative and quantitative methods to conduct “mix methods research” (Creswell, Plano, Gutmann & Hanson, 2003, p.42) because Dörnyei (2007) claimed that qualitative and quantitative methods had equal contribution in theorising as they can support each other. Furthermore, the two methods were adopted to attain an entire understanding of a target phenomenon or to justify one series of results against the other (Sandelowski, 2003).... [tags: Quantitative research, Qualitative research]
1130 words (3.2 pages)
- Types of Qualitative Methods When a qualitative approach seems to make the most sense, the task becomes one of selecting the qualitative method or methods to be used. A number of different ways of framing qualitative methods exist. Lee, Mitchell, and Sablynski (1999) use purposes (e.g., theory generation, theory elaboration, theory testing, or critical theory), research design (e.g., case study, ethnography, and in-depth interviews), and analytic data techniques (e.g., grounded theory approaches, pattern matching in case study research, and hermeneutic techniques as a way of categorizing types of qualitative research.... [tags: Qualitative research, Scientific method]
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- Qualitative Analysis Qualitative research presents academic information I manner that does not utilize numerical analysis of the findings. Research is depicted with non-statistical descriptors and according to (Wood, 2010, p. 56); “one important sense in which the term ‘qualitative’ is used is simply to refer to the use of data which yields a deep and detailed picture of the subject matter”. Analysis of qualitative research requires the reader to examine several aspects in order for the research to deemed high quality.... [tags: Focus group, Qualitative research, Research]
772 words (2.2 pages)