Essay PreviewMore ↓
Malaysia is a one of the country multinational in Asia, with different cultured of languages were using. Communication is an essential part of our life live. Oral communication use for everyday with different people at different time .Therefore, English and various other ethic language such as Chinese and Tamil led to the nature of changes in the development of the English communication. The English language ‘could not help but be influenced by the several of other languages and developing into a number of varieties.
Communication is a tool that connects people. Due to variation in language and culture, many colonies are facing trouble to communicate. Language such as English as been a bridge that connect the entire world. It helps to maintain the bond in trading and relationship between multi-cultures.
Most of the time were using oral communication, while primarily referring to is spoken verbal communication, typically relies on words, visual aids and non-verbal element to support the conveyance of the meaning. Oral communication includes discussion, speeches, presentation, and interpersonal communication. In face to face communication the body language and voice tonality plays a significant role and may have a greater impact on the listener than the intended content of the spoken words.
Model of communication
• Linear Model - its one way process in which one person acts one another person acts on another person, transmission model because it assume that communication is transmitted in a straight forward manner from sender to receiver.
• Interactive modal – this is interactive communication model is way to represent how two people communicate. One person, the sender, wants to send a piece of information, the message. This speaker uses a communication channel. Such as email or face to face conversation, to second person, the receiver. Sometimes noise, a term referring to any distraction, will compromise the message. Once the receiver has the message, he will send feedback, letting the sender know whether the message was transmitted well and how the receiver feels about it.
This communication of both people, the sender and receiver, is influenced by their individual experiences, culture, and knowledge. This is called their field of experience.
• Transactional model – that sees communication or negotiation of meaning in two more parties responding to their environment and each of others.
Here is a scene with which we are all familiar: Abu says or does something that Ali interprets as an insult or an attack.
How to Cite this Page
"Oral Communication in English." 123HelpMe.com. 20 Jan 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In our English class we had to tell an embarrassing story orally to the entire class. We then made transcripts of our oral story and wrote a descriptive version. Both versions were significantly different from each other in many ways. Our study is on the differences between oral and written communication. When we are speaking and writing to people, content, style, structure and process are all key factors that determine our delivery. My oral introduction was short while my written introduction set the scene with details to introduce my story more formally and substantially.... [tags: Communication Oral Writing]
1439 words (4.1 pages)
- REASONING AND COMMUNICATION The word reasoning comes from the sense of the mind which is closely related to critical thinking. Reasoning can be expressed as the way of making a decision or deciding if a proposed claim is true, partly true, totally untrue or false. Reasoning is an important aspect of our daily life for survival, in educational institutions and in our professions. Reasoning is essential for progression from kindergarten school level to a graduate school level. The definition and meaning are much debated by many educators, but having in these few meanings, It is described as "the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing,... [tags: Communication ]
2011 words (5.7 pages)
- All the learners are elementary level young adults (between 16-21years) of Sri Lankan origin and have Sinhala or Tamil as their first language. They are still in fulltime secondary or post-secondary education. Though these learners have learnt English at school from an early age, their past language learning experiences seem to have not helped them due to lack of a language-rich learning environment with communicative focus. They have little exposure to English outside the classroom and few opportunities to practice English in real-life situations.... [tags: English as a second language]
947 words (2.7 pages)
- Transport yourself into my being—a young woman growing up in Inner City Baltimore, Maryland combating all the challenges it entails, while gaining a rich culture unobtainable anywhere else. I have always lived a life of structure and balance and being able to explore a place many miles away will allow for me to test what I believe is true sustainable independence. Studying and interning abroad would validate my belief that I am capable of obtaining any goal that I set my mind to. While exploring the academic realm in London I would be gaining a fruitful experience that would cultivate and hone in on the skills that I am developing as an Oral Communication major.... [tags: Decision making, Decision theory]
1198 words (3.4 pages)
- Teaching English as second language is an incredible act of balancing multiple aspects of language at one time – syntax, morphology, phonology, and much more. L2 teachers must utilize each of these if they are to effectively teach the L2 to students in their classrooms in a way that produces the most improvement across facets such as grammar, pronunciation, and comprehension of the language. SLA research shows that there are multiple, often controversial ways of teaching an L2 – none of which seem to be completely solidified as being the best.... [tags: English language, Language]
1907 words (5.4 pages)
- ... Change is inevitable, it is an opportunity for the employee to grow. However the employee side emphasis that language as a culture is incorporated in the company. Many employees are old and used to be working using the language they know, Japanese. Taking away their language in an abrupt manner is like telling them to turn their back to their culture. The employees also argued that sudden change affect the productivity of the company specially that time is allotted in learning English. I am so happy to be part of the debate because we can see different perspective and just like a real international managers faced with big challenges we really need to think fast and be professional in eve... [tags: Nonverbal communication, Communication, Culture]
1036 words (3 pages)
- Communication is derived from the Latin word known as communis which carried the meaning “to share”, which mean sharing of concepts, ideas, feelings, and emotions. Communication is a two-way process where it requires an exchange of and progression of ideas towards a goal. It is essential to identify the basic elements of communication in order for this process to materialize. The five basic elements of communication are sender, receiver, message, medium and feedback (Kaul, A., 2006). The process of communication is separated into two phases.... [tags: line mobile, communication process, messenger]
881 words (2.5 pages)
- “English Language Learners: A Policy Research Brief produced by National Council of Teachers in English.” The Council Chronicle. National Council of Teachers of Education, Mar. 2008. Web. 30 Nov. 2015. This policy brief produced by the National Council of Teachers of English gives a history and comprehensive overview of issues associated with ELL students and provides research-based recommendations for effective ELL instruction for teachers. The report states that the “foreign-born population of the U.S has tripled in the past 30 years and more than 14 million are expected to arrive between 2000 and 2010.... [tags: Education, Linguistics, School, English language]
790 words (2.3 pages)
- Concepts and References The purpose for the development of an English Language Learner intervention was that many students who had tested out of the ELL program were not finding success in most of their classes. There was a recognized need for intervention in this area. One of the action plan goals is to increase the graduation rate from 86% to 91%. Also to increase the English Language Arts proficiency scores that have decreased from 48% in 2012 to 23% in 2013. Lastly to increase the Math proficiency scores which have also decrease from 37% in 2012 to 29% in 2013.... [tags: education, ELL, fluency, English class]
1333 words (3.8 pages)
- I’ve been learning English language for the past 15 years and I still don’t feel proficient and often lack the confidence to speak and write in English. I believe that for some people, learning a new language comes more naturally than for others. I have definitely been one of those language learners who struggled with a second language every day. When I first arrived in Canada, I only knew some vocabulary and phrases that I was studying from a textbook for a month prior my arrival. I was placed with a family with three small children for whom I became a nanny for the next three years and I soon discovered that my basic survival English skills are just not enough.... [tags: Second language, French language, English language]
746 words (2.1 pages)
Functions of Interpersonal Communication
This is engage in communication with another person; we seek to gain information about them. It is also give off information through a wide variety of verbal and nonverbal cues.
Gaining Information - One reason is engage in interpersonal communication is so that it can gain knowledge about another individual. It’s to gain information about others so that we can interact with them more effectively. It can better predict how they will think, feel, and act if know who they are. We gain this information passively, by observing them; actively, by having others engage them; or interactively, by engaging them ourselves. Self-disclosure is often used to get information from another person.
• Context of Understanding- We also engage in interpersonal communication to helps to better understand what someone says in a given context. The words are say can mean very different things depending on how they are said or in what context. Content Messages refer to the surface level meaning of a message. Relationship Messages refer to how a message is said. The two are sent simultaneously, but each affects the meaning assigned to the communication. Interpersonal communication helps us understand each other better.
• Establishing Identity- Another reason is engage in interpersonal communication is to establish an identity. These roles are playing in the relationships helps to establish identity. So too does the face, the public self-image that present to others. Both roles and face are constructed based on how we interact with others.
One of the factors is misunderstanding of ideas or intent can also occur when there is an absence of communication between two groups. When two parties are not speaking, there is no way to clarify positions, intentions, or past actions; rumors can spread unchecked. Sometimes both parties make a concerted effort to communicate as clearly as possible, but cultural differences or language barriers obstruct clear understanding.
Misunderstandings can be arising because of different personal communication styles. One person will ask a lot of questions to show interest, while another person will find that to be disrespectful.
Misunderstanding can be avoided by using common language to communication. Some persons interpersonal style could be annoying to another person, due to differential in communication style and language. Culture plays an important role as well in this matter. Most common language than are used to communicate now days is English.
Language is considered to be a bridge that connects people. It is believed that language can be considered as a postal service. The concept of communication is considered to be simple. For example the person A, would send a message to the receiver, in this case, person B. and the person be would receive the message and react or respond. Initial that person would become a sender. Misunderstandings are inevitable in case of misinterpretation of a message. It could be either the speaker did not correctly send the message or the listener erred in receiving it, or both.
However most communication does not end up with misunderstanding, but misconception of the message that was sent could arise. In case where, what A thinks as perfect, could be perfect for B. This leads to differential of ideas. It would take repetitive attempts to send out the exact message.
Small Group Communication
The main objective in forming a group is to achieve a common goal. With the implication of group, many thoughts can be shared. Whereas people say in a group, “none of us are smarter than all of us”. In a group, the sharing could be considered valuable the achieve the goal.
Function of Small Group Communication
Social Groups -Some groups are predominantly social in their orientation, while all groups will have both social and task dimensions. For example families and social clubs, can be categorized as predominantly social. These groups provide for our safety and solidarity needs and they help us develop self-esteem.
Work Groups - In a work group, the task dimension is emphasized. Work groups function to complete a particular task, in such case to achieve the goal. This group members pool their expertise to achieve the goal. All group members perform the same activity and pool their results at the end. An example of this would be plan for future programs.
• Conjunctive Work Group: Group members play their parts to achieve the goal. Every group member must complete their task in order to achieve the goal. An example of this would be an assembly line, in which each worker performs tasks that together build a completed machine.
• This is disjunctive Task: Members meet to determine the best alternative for a problem or issue. There are two types of disjunctive tasks:
Judgment Task: Group members must get ominous decision in order to achieve the goal. Mostly achieved by having discussion for the solution options
Decision making task: Group members must choose the best solution by discussion.
Group of friends are formed spontaneously, where it don’t even share the same goal. Meanwhile other groups are contrived where it was formed with a specific goal.
Small Group Communication-Strategies
The solution, method that required and the way to achieve can be the main topic in a small group communication. Thus certain person should play a certain role in order to spark the necessary start for an effective discussion. The role initiator is very crucial in beginning of communication.
Mass media is the major tool for public communication. The sending of message is made a breeze. The sender can reach many receivers unconditionally through mass media such as television, radio and most happening is internet.
This sort of communication requires authenticated material. Materials must be genuine, and must be authorized by respected parties prior to sending. Studies in public communication cover how the information is sent and received through and for by society. Society includes consumers, government officials, community organizations, employees, investors and the media. How to assist their organizations in structuring public opinion and in addressing the organization’s social responsibilities is one of the major fields in public communication studies. They learn how to frame messages and communication strategies in ways that mutually benefit their organizations and the public.
Function of Public Communication
To send message that relevant to public need which target major public group. Most commonly applied by mass media is advertisement for products and services. Government bodies use public communication in sending crucial information regarding public issues. Receiver commonly will get the picture and the description of what is new and current state of condition up to date. Majorly receivers react towards what received with prejudice.
Strategies of Public Communication
One of the newest communication strategies of PR firms is social media. This encompasses sites such as Twitter, Face book, websites and blogs. In today's wired world, it is deemed essential to have a social media presence. PR professionals assist in creating and maintaining a social media presence that is in accordance with the style and message (brand) of you or your business.
Managing the Media
PR professionals develop relations with media, including print, television and radio, to ensure the message that is being delivered is in accordance with your brand. They use all these resources to create and maintain your brand image.
Developing and maintaining employee relations is a key communication strategy of PR firms. They do this in a multitude of ways: focus groups, meetings, newsletters and activities. Managing employee relations is a large part of maintaining a brand's image consistently.
This is when a PR firm plays an important role in managing the public perception of you or your firm. It is not hard to think of current examples of professional athletes or companies that are probably using a PR firm for crisis management.
Public engagements, whether press conferences or speaking engagements, are an often-used tool of PR firms. This is one of the few ways the client interfaces directly with the public as a way of managing its image.
Basically the oral communication process, interpersonal communication, small group communication and public communication are used to communicate in everywhere we likes. This would interpret which areas that we communicate and listen.
The fore, Malaysian need to be improve of the proficient oral language. This will have to goo about the process of the communication languages.