Holden Caulfield, on many occasions uses lies and deception. Sometimes he lies to protect himself. In one event in the story, Holden is about to have sex with a prostitute, but he stops himself by lying and saying that he had surgery, to protect himself from losing his innocence. Psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud, would say that he uses lying as “a defense mechanism in the form of denial” of becoming an adult (Polukis). Most of the time, however, he lies just because he wants to, when it is not necessary. He even says that he is “the most terrific liar you ever saw in your life” (Salinger 16). He says that it scares him. This shows that he has some psychological issues. He has id, which is a part of the psychic apparatus. “The id is a per...
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...ieve what they wanted to believe. He showed this through Holden when Holden talks to Ernest’s mother and Phoebe. He tells them all lies that would not harm them, but that would only do good. Salinger also had emotional instability. He had a mental breakdown after the war. Holden also has a mental breakdown after he loses his younger brother, and at random moments he goes off on rants. Lastly, Salinger was isolated from society. He moved to New Hampshire and cut off all connections with the outside world. He also stopped publishing his writing, saying he would only publish them after he dies. Holden also alienates himself from others. Nothing is preventing him from connecting with the world, but he chooses not to get involved with everyone. In conclusion, Salinger used Holden as his way to reveal himself, and this is why Salinger and Holden has so many similar traits.
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